[Xen-devel] [PATCH] xen/arm: traps: Avoid using BUG_ON() to check guest state in advance_pc()

Julien Grall posted 1 patch 5 days ago
Patches applied successfully (tree, apply log)
git fetch https://github.com/patchew-project/xen tags/patchew/20190515201730.19079-1-julien.grall@arm.com
xen/arch/arm/traps.c | 7 ++-----
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

[Xen-devel] [PATCH] xen/arm: traps: Avoid using BUG_ON() to check guest state in advance_pc()

Posted by Julien Grall 5 days ago
The condition of the BUG_ON() in advance_pc() is pretty wrong because
the bits [26:25] and [15:10] have a different meaning between AArch32
and AArch64 state.

On AArch32, they are used to store PSTATE.IT. On AArch64, they are RES0
or used for new feature (e.g ARMv8.0-SSBS, ARMv8.5-BTI).

This means a 64-bit guest will hit the BUG_ON() if it is trying to use
any of these features.

More generally, RES0 means that the bits is reserved for future use. So
crashing the host is definitely not the right solution.

In this particular case, we only need to know the guest was using 32-bit
Mode and the Thumb instructions. So replace the BUG_ON() by a proper
check.

Reported-by: Lukas Jünger <lukas.juenger@ice.rwth-aachen.de>
Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>

---
    This patch needs to be backported as far as possible. Otherwise Xen
    would not be able to run on processor implementing ARMv8.0-SSBS,
    ARMv8.5-BTI or ARMv8.5-MemTag. The former is actually the most
    critical as this is used for controlling mitagion for SSBD (aka
    Spectre v4) in hardware.
---
 xen/arch/arm/traps.c | 7 ++-----
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/xen/arch/arm/traps.c b/xen/arch/arm/traps.c
index d8b9a8a0f0..798a3a45a4 100644
--- a/xen/arch/arm/traps.c
+++ b/xen/arch/arm/traps.c
@@ -1650,12 +1650,9 @@ int check_conditional_instr(struct cpu_user_regs *regs, const union hsr hsr)
 void advance_pc(struct cpu_user_regs *regs, const union hsr hsr)
 {
     unsigned long itbits, cond, cpsr = regs->cpsr;
+    bool is_thumb = psr_mode_is_32bit(cpsr) && (cpsr & PSR_THUMB);
 
-    /* PSR_IT_MASK bits can only be set for 32-bit processors in Thumb mode. */
-    BUG_ON( (!psr_mode_is_32bit(cpsr)||!(cpsr&PSR_THUMB))
-            && (cpsr&PSR_IT_MASK) );
-
-    if ( cpsr&PSR_IT_MASK )
+    if ( is_thumb && (cpsr & PSR_IT_MASK) )
     {
         /* The ITSTATE[7:0] block is contained in CPSR[15:10],CPSR[26:25]
          *
-- 
2.11.0


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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH] xen/arm: traps: Avoid using BUG_ON() to check guest state in advance_pc()

Posted by Stefano Stabellini 22 hours ago
On Wed, 15 May 2019, Julien Grall wrote:
> The condition of the BUG_ON() in advance_pc() is pretty wrong because
> the bits [26:25] and [15:10] have a different meaning between AArch32
> and AArch64 state.
> 
> On AArch32, they are used to store PSTATE.IT. On AArch64, they are RES0
> or used for new feature (e.g ARMv8.0-SSBS, ARMv8.5-BTI).
> 
> This means a 64-bit guest will hit the BUG_ON() if it is trying to use
> any of these features.
> 
> More generally, RES0 means that the bits is reserved for future use. So
> crashing the host is definitely not the right solution.
> 
> In this particular case, we only need to know the guest was using 32-bit
> Mode and the Thumb instructions. So replace the BUG_ON() by a proper
> check.
> 
> Reported-by: Lukas Jünger <lukas.juenger@ice.rwth-aachen.de>
> Signed-off-by: Julien Grall <julien.grall@arm.com>

Reviewed-by: Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@kernel.org>

> ---
>     This patch needs to be backported as far as possible. Otherwise Xen
>     would not be able to run on processor implementing ARMv8.0-SSBS,
>     ARMv8.5-BTI or ARMv8.5-MemTag. The former is actually the most
>     critical as this is used for controlling mitagion for SSBD (aka
>     Spectre v4) in hardware.
> ---
>  xen/arch/arm/traps.c | 7 ++-----
>  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/xen/arch/arm/traps.c b/xen/arch/arm/traps.c
> index d8b9a8a0f0..798a3a45a4 100644
> --- a/xen/arch/arm/traps.c
> +++ b/xen/arch/arm/traps.c
> @@ -1650,12 +1650,9 @@ int check_conditional_instr(struct cpu_user_regs *regs, const union hsr hsr)
>  void advance_pc(struct cpu_user_regs *regs, const union hsr hsr)
>  {
>      unsigned long itbits, cond, cpsr = regs->cpsr;
> +    bool is_thumb = psr_mode_is_32bit(cpsr) && (cpsr & PSR_THUMB);
>  
> -    /* PSR_IT_MASK bits can only be set for 32-bit processors in Thumb mode. */
> -    BUG_ON( (!psr_mode_is_32bit(cpsr)||!(cpsr&PSR_THUMB))
> -            && (cpsr&PSR_IT_MASK) );
> -
> -    if ( cpsr&PSR_IT_MASK )
> +    if ( is_thumb && (cpsr & PSR_IT_MASK) )
>      {
>          /* The ITSTATE[7:0] block is contained in CPSR[15:10],CPSR[26:25]
>           *
> -- 
> 2.11.0
> _______________________________________________
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