[PATCH v3] tools/libxl: Correctly align the ACPI tables

Kevin Stefanov posted 1 patch 1 week, 3 days ago
tools/libs/light/libxl_x86_acpi.c | 49 ++++++++++++-------------------
1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)

[PATCH v3] tools/libxl: Correctly align the ACPI tables

Posted by Kevin Stefanov 1 week, 3 days ago
The memory allocator currently calculates alignment in libxl's virtual
address space, rather than guest physical address space. This results
in the FACS being commonly misaligned.

Furthermore, the allocator has several other bugs.

The opencoded align-up calculation is currently susceptible to a bug
that occurs in the corner case that the buffer is already aligned to
begin with. In that case, an align-sized memory hole is introduced.

The while loop is dead logic because its effects are entirely and
unconditionally overwritten immediately after it.

Rework the memory allocator to align in guest physical address space
instead of libxl's virtual memory and improve the calculation, drop
errant extra page in allocated buffer for ACPI tables, and give some
of the variables better names/types.

Fixes: 14c0d328da2b ("libxl/acpi: Build ACPI tables for HVMlite guests")
Signed-off-by: Kevin Stefanov <kevin.stefanov@citrix.com>
Reviewed-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>
---
CC: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@citrix.com>
CC: Ian Jackson <iwj@xenproject.org>
CC: Wei Liu <wl@xen.org>
CC: Anthony PERARD <anthony.perard@citrix.com>
CC: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>

v2: Rewrite completely, to align in guest physical address space

v3: Drop the now-unused local variable page_mask
---
 tools/libs/light/libxl_x86_acpi.c | 49 ++++++++++++-------------------
 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/libs/light/libxl_x86_acpi.c b/tools/libs/light/libxl_x86_acpi.c
index 3eca1c7a9f..57a6b63790 100644
--- a/tools/libs/light/libxl_x86_acpi.c
+++ b/tools/libs/light/libxl_x86_acpi.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
 
  /* Number of pages holding ACPI tables */
 #define NUM_ACPI_PAGES 16
+#define ALIGN(p, a) (((p) + ((a) - 1)) & ~((a) - 1))
 
 struct libxl_acpi_ctxt {
     struct acpi_ctxt c;
@@ -28,10 +29,10 @@ struct libxl_acpi_ctxt {
     unsigned int page_shift;
 
     /* Memory allocator */
-    unsigned long alloc_base_paddr;
-    unsigned long alloc_base_vaddr;
-    unsigned long alloc_currp;
-    unsigned long alloc_end;
+    unsigned long guest_start;
+    unsigned long guest_curr;
+    unsigned long guest_end;
+    void *buf;
 };
 
 extern const unsigned char dsdt_pvh[];
@@ -43,8 +44,7 @@ static unsigned long virt_to_phys(struct acpi_ctxt *ctxt, void *v)
     struct libxl_acpi_ctxt *libxl_ctxt =
         CONTAINER_OF(ctxt, struct libxl_acpi_ctxt, c);
 
-    return (((unsigned long)v - libxl_ctxt->alloc_base_vaddr) +
-            libxl_ctxt->alloc_base_paddr);
+    return libxl_ctxt->guest_start + (v - libxl_ctxt->buf);
 }
 
 static void *mem_alloc(struct acpi_ctxt *ctxt,
@@ -58,20 +58,16 @@ static void *mem_alloc(struct acpi_ctxt *ctxt,
     if (align < 16)
         align = 16;
 
-    s = (libxl_ctxt->alloc_currp + align) & ~((unsigned long)align - 1);
+    s = ALIGN(libxl_ctxt->guest_curr, align);
     e = s + size - 1;
 
     /* TODO: Reallocate memory */
-    if ((e < s) || (e >= libxl_ctxt->alloc_end))
+    if ((e < s) || (e >= libxl_ctxt->guest_end))
         return NULL;
 
-    while (libxl_ctxt->alloc_currp >> libxl_ctxt->page_shift != 
-           e >> libxl_ctxt->page_shift)
-        libxl_ctxt->alloc_currp += libxl_ctxt->page_size;
+    libxl_ctxt->guest_curr = e;
 
-    libxl_ctxt->alloc_currp = e;
-
-    return (void *)s;
+    return libxl_ctxt->buf + (s - libxl_ctxt->guest_start);
 }
 
 static void acpi_mem_free(struct acpi_ctxt *ctxt,
@@ -163,15 +159,12 @@ int libxl__dom_load_acpi(libxl__gc *gc,
     struct acpi_config config = {0};
     struct libxl_acpi_ctxt libxl_ctxt;
     int rc = 0, acpi_pages_num;
-    void *acpi_pages;
-    unsigned long page_mask;
 
     if (b_info->type != LIBXL_DOMAIN_TYPE_PVH)
         goto out;
 
     libxl_ctxt.page_size = XC_DOM_PAGE_SIZE(dom);
     libxl_ctxt.page_shift =  XC_DOM_PAGE_SHIFT(dom);
-    page_mask = (1UL << libxl_ctxt.page_shift) - 1;
 
     libxl_ctxt.c.mem_ops.alloc = mem_alloc;
     libxl_ctxt.c.mem_ops.v2p = virt_to_phys;
@@ -186,19 +179,17 @@ int libxl__dom_load_acpi(libxl__gc *gc,
     config.rsdp = (unsigned long)libxl__malloc(gc, libxl_ctxt.page_size);
     config.infop = (unsigned long)libxl__malloc(gc, libxl_ctxt.page_size);
     /* Pages to hold ACPI tables */
-    acpi_pages =  libxl__malloc(gc, (NUM_ACPI_PAGES + 1) *
-                                libxl_ctxt.page_size);
+    libxl_ctxt.buf = libxl__malloc(gc, NUM_ACPI_PAGES *
+                                   libxl_ctxt.page_size);
 
     /*
      * Set up allocator memory.
      * Start next to acpi_info page to avoid fracturing e820.
      */
-    libxl_ctxt.alloc_base_paddr = ACPI_INFO_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS +
-        libxl_ctxt.page_size;
-    libxl_ctxt.alloc_base_vaddr = libxl_ctxt.alloc_currp =
-        (unsigned long)acpi_pages;
-    libxl_ctxt.alloc_end = (unsigned long)acpi_pages +
-        (NUM_ACPI_PAGES * libxl_ctxt.page_size);
+    libxl_ctxt.guest_start = libxl_ctxt.guest_curr = libxl_ctxt.guest_end =
+        ACPI_INFO_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS + libxl_ctxt.page_size;
+
+    libxl_ctxt.guest_end += NUM_ACPI_PAGES * libxl_ctxt.page_size;
 
     /* Build the tables. */
     rc = acpi_build_tables(&libxl_ctxt.c, &config);
@@ -208,10 +199,8 @@ int libxl__dom_load_acpi(libxl__gc *gc,
     }
 
     /* Calculate how many pages are needed for the tables. */
-    acpi_pages_num =
-        ((libxl_ctxt.alloc_currp - (unsigned long)acpi_pages)
-         >> libxl_ctxt.page_shift) +
-        ((libxl_ctxt.alloc_currp & page_mask) ? 1 : 0);
+    acpi_pages_num = (ALIGN(libxl_ctxt.guest_curr, libxl_ctxt.page_size) -
+                      libxl_ctxt.guest_start) >> libxl_ctxt.page_shift;
 
     dom->acpi_modules[0].data = (void *)config.rsdp;
     dom->acpi_modules[0].length = 64;
@@ -231,7 +220,7 @@ int libxl__dom_load_acpi(libxl__gc *gc,
     dom->acpi_modules[1].length = 4096;
     dom->acpi_modules[1].guest_addr_out = ACPI_INFO_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS;
 
-    dom->acpi_modules[2].data = acpi_pages;
+    dom->acpi_modules[2].data = libxl_ctxt.buf;
     dom->acpi_modules[2].length = acpi_pages_num  << libxl_ctxt.page_shift;
     dom->acpi_modules[2].guest_addr_out = ACPI_INFO_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS +
         libxl_ctxt.page_size;
-- 
2.25.1


Re: [PATCH v3] tools/libxl: Correctly align the ACPI tables

Posted by Roger Pau Monné 1 day, 12 hours ago
On Wed, Sep 15, 2021 at 03:30:00PM +0100, Kevin Stefanov wrote:
> The memory allocator currently calculates alignment in libxl's virtual
> address space, rather than guest physical address space. This results
> in the FACS being commonly misaligned.
> 
> Furthermore, the allocator has several other bugs.
> 
> The opencoded align-up calculation is currently susceptible to a bug
> that occurs in the corner case that the buffer is already aligned to
> begin with. In that case, an align-sized memory hole is introduced.
> 
> The while loop is dead logic because its effects are entirely and
> unconditionally overwritten immediately after it.
> 
> Rework the memory allocator to align in guest physical address space
> instead of libxl's virtual memory and improve the calculation, drop
> errant extra page in allocated buffer for ACPI tables, and give some
> of the variables better names/types.
> 
> Fixes: 14c0d328da2b ("libxl/acpi: Build ACPI tables for HVMlite guests")
> Signed-off-by: Kevin Stefanov <kevin.stefanov@citrix.com>
> Reviewed-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>

Reviewed-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>

Thanks, Roger.

Re: [PATCH v3] tools/libxl: Correctly align the ACPI tables

Posted by Ian Jackson 1 day, 12 hours ago
Roger Pau Monné writes ("Re: [PATCH v3] tools/libxl: Correctly align the ACPI tables"):
> On Wed, Sep 15, 2021 at 03:30:00PM +0100, Kevin Stefanov wrote:
> > Fixes: 14c0d328da2b ("libxl/acpi: Build ACPI tables for HVMlite guests")
> > Signed-off-by: Kevin Stefanov <kevin.stefanov@citrix.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com>
> 
> Reviewed-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>

Thanks to both of you.

Acked-by: Ian Jackson <iwj@xenproject.org>

and pushed.

Ian.