[PATCH v2] xen-netfront: fix potential deadlock in xennet_remove()

Andrea Righi posted 1 patch 2 weeks ago
Failed in applying to current master (apply log)
drivers/net/xen-netfront.c | 64 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
1 file changed, 42 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

[PATCH v2] xen-netfront: fix potential deadlock in xennet_remove()

Posted by Andrea Righi 2 weeks ago
There's a potential race in xennet_remove(); this is what the driver is
doing upon unregistering a network device:

  1. state = read bus state
  2. if state is not "Closed":
  3.    request to set state to "Closing"
  4.    wait for state to be set to "Closing"
  5.    request to set state to "Closed"
  6.    wait for state to be set to "Closed"

If the state changes to "Closed" immediately after step 1 we are stuck
forever in step 4, because the state will never go back from "Closed" to
"Closing".

Make sure to check also for state == "Closed" in step 4 to prevent the
deadlock.

Also add a 5 sec timeout any time we wait for the bus state to change,
to avoid getting stuck forever in wait_event().

Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <andrea.righi@canonical.com>
---
Changes in v2:
 - remove all dev_dbg() calls (as suggested by David Miller)

 drivers/net/xen-netfront.c | 64 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 42 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/net/xen-netfront.c b/drivers/net/xen-netfront.c
index 482c6c8b0fb7..88280057e032 100644
--- a/drivers/net/xen-netfront.c
+++ b/drivers/net/xen-netfront.c
@@ -63,6 +63,8 @@ module_param_named(max_queues, xennet_max_queues, uint, 0644);
 MODULE_PARM_DESC(max_queues,
 		 "Maximum number of queues per virtual interface");
 
+#define XENNET_TIMEOUT  (5 * HZ)
+
 static const struct ethtool_ops xennet_ethtool_ops;
 
 struct netfront_cb {
@@ -1334,12 +1336,15 @@ static struct net_device *xennet_create_dev(struct xenbus_device *dev)
 
 	netif_carrier_off(netdev);
 
-	xenbus_switch_state(dev, XenbusStateInitialising);
-	wait_event(module_wq,
-		   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) !=
-		   XenbusStateClosed &&
-		   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) !=
-		   XenbusStateUnknown);
+	do {
+		xenbus_switch_state(dev, XenbusStateInitialising);
+		err = wait_event_timeout(module_wq,
+				 xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) !=
+				 XenbusStateClosed &&
+				 xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) !=
+				 XenbusStateUnknown, XENNET_TIMEOUT);
+	} while (!err);
+
 	return netdev;
 
  exit:
@@ -2139,28 +2144,43 @@ static const struct attribute_group xennet_dev_group = {
 };
 #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */
 
-static int xennet_remove(struct xenbus_device *dev)
+static void xennet_bus_close(struct xenbus_device *dev)
 {
-	struct netfront_info *info = dev_get_drvdata(&dev->dev);
-
-	dev_dbg(&dev->dev, "%s\n", dev->nodename);
+	int ret;
 
-	if (xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) != XenbusStateClosed) {
+	if (xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) == XenbusStateClosed)
+		return;
+	do {
 		xenbus_switch_state(dev, XenbusStateClosing);
-		wait_event(module_wq,
-			   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) ==
-			   XenbusStateClosing ||
-			   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) ==
-			   XenbusStateUnknown);
+		ret = wait_event_timeout(module_wq,
+				   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) ==
+				   XenbusStateClosing ||
+				   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) ==
+				   XenbusStateClosed ||
+				   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) ==
+				   XenbusStateUnknown,
+				   XENNET_TIMEOUT);
+	} while (!ret);
+
+	if (xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) == XenbusStateClosed)
+		return;
 
+	do {
 		xenbus_switch_state(dev, XenbusStateClosed);
-		wait_event(module_wq,
-			   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) ==
-			   XenbusStateClosed ||
-			   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) ==
-			   XenbusStateUnknown);
-	}
+		ret = wait_event_timeout(module_wq,
+				   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) ==
+				   XenbusStateClosed ||
+				   xenbus_read_driver_state(dev->otherend) ==
+				   XenbusStateUnknown,
+				   XENNET_TIMEOUT);
+	} while (!ret);
+}
+
+static int xennet_remove(struct xenbus_device *dev)
+{
+	struct netfront_info *info = dev_get_drvdata(&dev->dev);
 
+	xennet_bus_close(dev);
 	xennet_disconnect_backend(info);
 
 	if (info->netdev->reg_state == NETREG_REGISTERED)
-- 
2.25.1


Re: [PATCH v2] xen-netfront: fix potential deadlock in xennet_remove()

Posted by David Miller 2 weeks ago
From: Andrea Righi <andrea.righi@canonical.com>
Date: Fri, 24 Jul 2020 10:59:10 +0200

> There's a potential race in xennet_remove(); this is what the driver is
> doing upon unregistering a network device:
> 
>   1. state = read bus state
>   2. if state is not "Closed":
>   3.    request to set state to "Closing"
>   4.    wait for state to be set to "Closing"
>   5.    request to set state to "Closed"
>   6.    wait for state to be set to "Closed"
> 
> If the state changes to "Closed" immediately after step 1 we are stuck
> forever in step 4, because the state will never go back from "Closed" to
> "Closing".
> 
> Make sure to check also for state == "Closed" in step 4 to prevent the
> deadlock.
> 
> Also add a 5 sec timeout any time we wait for the bus state to change,
> to avoid getting stuck forever in wait_event().
> 
> Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <andrea.righi@canonical.com>
> ---
> Changes in v2:
>  - remove all dev_dbg() calls (as suggested by David Miller)

Applied, thank you.