[SeaBIOS] Re: [RFC] PCIe-related MTRR inconsistency on Q35

Gerd Hoffmann posted 1 patch 2 months ago
Patches applied successfully (tree, apply log)
git fetch https://github.com/patchew-project/seabios tags/patchew/20220929100133.va3d62evfcxouf24@sirius.home.kraxel.org
[SeaBIOS] Re: [RFC] PCIe-related MTRR inconsistency on Q35
Posted by Gerd Hoffmann 2 months ago
On Wed, Sep 28, 2022 at 10:56:34AM -0500, Alex Olson wrote:
> Under SeaBIOS, I'm noticing that not all of the PCIe-related area is marked
> uncachable in the MTRR settings, at least in the Q35 platform (QEMU).
> 
> I feel like this is a bug, but I'm not familar with the lore behind Q35 and
> MTRRs, feedback would be appreciated.
> 
> The MCFG table contains an entry starting at Q35_HOST_BRIDGE_PCIEXBAR_ADDR  
> (0xb0000000) corresponding to a 256MB area.  Later, the mch_mem_addr_setup()
> routine defines the PCIe window (pcimem_start) starting at 0xc0000000 
> (Q35_HOST_BRIDGE_PCIEXBAR_ADDR + Q35_HOST_BRIDGE_PCIEXBAR_SIZE).
> 
> I see in mtrr_setup(), that only a single variable MTRR is configured based
> solely on pcimem_start and extends to the end of the 4GB boundary.  It looks to
> me that this is probably fine for 440fx, but seems insufficient for Q35.
> 
> Q35 - original SeaBIOS 1.15.0:
> # cat /proc/mtrr 
> reg00: base=0x0c0000000 ( 3072MB), size= 1024MB, count=1: uncachable
> 
> 
> Q35 - original EFI (ovmf 2202.02)
> # cat /proc/mtrr 
> reg00: base=0x0c0000000 ( 3072MB), size= 1024MB, count=1: uncachable
> reg01: base=0x0b0000000 ( 2816MB), size=  256MB, count=1: uncachable
> reg02: base=0x800000000 (32768MB), size=32768MB, count=1: uncachable

See also
https://github.com/tianocore/edk2/commit/2a0bd3bffc80d1982cf85cdad066f79a2f60c769

> Thus, for Q35, there is no explict attempt to configure the
> Q35_HOST_BRIDGE_PCIEXBAR_ADDR area nor any potential the >4GB area used for PCIe
> I/O.  The inherent size restrictions on MTRR mask definitions make a completely
> generic solution a bit tricky.  

qemu using gigabyte pages these days should simplify things.  If there
is 2G (or less) of low memory mark 2G -> 4G uncachable.  If there is 3G
(or less) of low memory mark 3G -> 4G uncachable.  Doable with a single
mtrr register, should cover 99% of the use cases and is a improvement
over the current situation.

> I believe solves the issue, but I'm not sure how to test it with a
> 64-bit PCIe window.

Patch the code to force it.

seabios places everything below 4G if it fits, for backward
compatibility reasons.  Could be we are booting a 32bit guest OS which
might not be able to deal with PCI bars mapped above 4G ...

Maybe it makes sense to relax that a bit.  In case we find memory above
4G it should be safe to assume that PCI bars above 4G are fine too.

take care,
  Gerd

commit c7074250e6faaeffc5e8966a8a0ecdfe8a5c2af3
Author: Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>
Date:   Fri Sep 9 10:17:15 2022 +0200

    [testing] force 64bit pci window

diff --git a/src/fw/pciinit.c b/src/fw/pciinit.c
index ad6def93633b..08339da2905c 100644
--- a/src/fw/pciinit.c
+++ b/src/fw/pciinit.c
@@ -1108,7 +1108,7 @@ static void pci_bios_map_devices(struct pci_bus *busses)
         panic("PCI: out of I/O address space\n");
 
     dprintf(1, "PCI: 32: %016llx - %016llx\n", pcimem_start, pcimem_end);
-    if (pci_bios_init_root_regions_mem(busses)) {
+    if (1 || pci_bios_init_root_regions_mem(busses)) {
         struct pci_region r64_mem, r64_pref;
         r64_mem.list.first = NULL;
         r64_pref.list.first = NULL;

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