[PATCH v3] tcg: Fix execution on Apple Silicon

Roman Bolshakov posted 1 patch 1 week ago
Test checkpatch passed
Patches applied successfully (tree, apply log)
git fetch https://github.com/patchew-project/qemu tags/patchew/20210113032806.18220-1-r.bolshakov@yadro.com
Maintainers: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>, Richard Henderson <richard.henderson@linaro.org>
accel/tcg/cpu-exec.c      |  2 ++
accel/tcg/translate-all.c |  9 +++++++++
include/qemu/osdep.h      |  7 +++++++
tcg/tcg.c                 |  1 +
util/osdep.c              | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 39 insertions(+)

[PATCH v3] tcg: Fix execution on Apple Silicon

Posted by Roman Bolshakov 1 week ago
Pages can't be both write and executable at the same time on Apple
Silicon. macOS provides public API to switch write protection [1] for
JIT applications, like TCG.

1. https://developer.apple.com/documentation/apple_silicon/porting_just-in-time_compilers_to_apple_silicon

Signed-off-by: Roman Bolshakov <r.bolshakov@yadro.com>
---
v2: https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2021-01/msg00146.html
Changes since v2:
 - Wrapped pthread_jit_write_protect_np() with __builtin_available() [1]
   to allow build with modern SDK while targeting older macOS (Joelle)
 - Dropped redundant calls to pthread_jit_write_protect_supported_np()
   (Alex)

v1: https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2021-01/msg00073.html
Changes since v1:

 - Pruned not needed fiddling with W^X and dropped symmetry from write
   lock/unlock and renamed related functions.
   Similar approach is used in JavaScriptCore [2].

 - Moved jit helper functions to util/osdep
																		  As outlined in osdep.h, this matches to (2):
   * In an ideal world this header would contain only:
   *  (1) things which everybody needs
   *  (2) things without which code would work on most platforms but
   *      fail to compile or misbehave on a minority of host OSes

 - Fixed a checkpatch error

 - Limit new behaviour only to macOS 11.0 and above, because of the
   following declarations:

   __API_AVAILABLE(macos(11.0))
   __API_UNAVAILABLE(ios, tvos, watchos)
   void pthread_jit_write_protect_np(int enabled);

   __API_AVAILABLE(macos(11.0))
   __API_UNAVAILABLE(ios, tvos, watchos)
   int pthread_jit_write_protect_supported_np(void);

 1. https://developer.apple.com/videos/play/wwdc2017/411/
 2. https://bugs.webkit.org/attachment.cgi?id=402515&action=prettypatch

 accel/tcg/cpu-exec.c      |  2 ++
 accel/tcg/translate-all.c |  9 +++++++++
 include/qemu/osdep.h      |  7 +++++++
 tcg/tcg.c                 |  1 +
 util/osdep.c              | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 39 insertions(+)

diff --git a/accel/tcg/cpu-exec.c b/accel/tcg/cpu-exec.c
index e0df9b6a1d..014810bf0a 100644
--- a/accel/tcg/cpu-exec.c
+++ b/accel/tcg/cpu-exec.c
@@ -185,6 +185,7 @@ cpu_tb_exec(CPUState *cpu, TranslationBlock *itb, int *tb_exit)
     }
 #endif /* DEBUG_DISAS */
 
+    qemu_thread_jit_execute();
     ret = tcg_qemu_tb_exec(env, tb_ptr);
     cpu->can_do_io = 1;
     /*
@@ -405,6 +406,7 @@ static inline void tb_add_jump(TranslationBlock *tb, int n,
 {
     uintptr_t old;
 
+    qemu_thread_jit_write();
     assert(n < ARRAY_SIZE(tb->jmp_list_next));
     qemu_spin_lock(&tb_next->jmp_lock);
 
diff --git a/accel/tcg/translate-all.c b/accel/tcg/translate-all.c
index e9de6ff9dd..f5f4c7cc17 100644
--- a/accel/tcg/translate-all.c
+++ b/accel/tcg/translate-all.c
@@ -1083,6 +1083,12 @@ static bool alloc_code_gen_buffer_anon(size_t size, int prot,
 {
     void *buf;
 
+#if defined(MAC_OS_VERSION_11_0) && \
+    MAC_OS_X_VERSION_MAX_ALLOWED >= MAC_OS_VERSION_11_0
+    if (__builtin_available(macOS 11.0, *)) {
+        flags |= MAP_JIT;
+    }
+#endif
     buf = mmap(NULL, size, prot, flags, -1, 0);
     if (buf == MAP_FAILED) {
         error_setg_errno(errp, errno,
@@ -1669,7 +1675,9 @@ static void do_tb_phys_invalidate(TranslationBlock *tb, bool rm_from_page_list)
 
 static void tb_phys_invalidate__locked(TranslationBlock *tb)
 {
+    qemu_thread_jit_write();
     do_tb_phys_invalidate(tb, true);
+    qemu_thread_jit_execute();
 }
 
 /* invalidate one TB
@@ -1871,6 +1879,7 @@ TranslationBlock *tb_gen_code(CPUState *cpu,
 #endif
 
     assert_memory_lock();
+    qemu_thread_jit_write();
 
     phys_pc = get_page_addr_code(env, pc);
 
diff --git a/include/qemu/osdep.h b/include/qemu/osdep.h
index f9ec8c84e9..929e970b0e 100644
--- a/include/qemu/osdep.h
+++ b/include/qemu/osdep.h
@@ -123,6 +123,10 @@ extern int daemon(int, int);
 #include "sysemu/os-posix.h"
 #endif
 
+#ifdef __APPLE__
+#include <AvailabilityMacros.h>
+#endif
+
 #include "glib-compat.h"
 #include "qemu/typedefs.h"
 
@@ -686,4 +690,7 @@ char *qemu_get_host_name(Error **errp);
  */
 size_t qemu_get_host_physmem(void);
 
+void qemu_thread_jit_write(void);
+void qemu_thread_jit_execute(void);
+
 #endif
diff --git a/tcg/tcg.c b/tcg/tcg.c
index 472bf1755b..16b044eae7 100644
--- a/tcg/tcg.c
+++ b/tcg/tcg.c
@@ -1112,6 +1112,7 @@ void tcg_prologue_init(TCGContext *s)
     s->pool_labels = NULL;
 #endif
 
+    qemu_thread_jit_write();
     /* Generate the prologue.  */
     tcg_target_qemu_prologue(s);
 
diff --git a/util/osdep.c b/util/osdep.c
index 66d01b9160..e211939a0c 100644
--- a/util/osdep.c
+++ b/util/osdep.c
@@ -606,3 +606,23 @@ writev(int fd, const struct iovec *iov, int iov_cnt)
     return readv_writev(fd, iov, iov_cnt, true);
 }
 #endif
+
+#if defined(MAC_OS_VERSION_11_0) && \
+    MAC_OS_X_VERSION_MAX_ALLOWED >= MAC_OS_VERSION_11_0
+void qemu_thread_jit_execute(void)
+{
+    if (__builtin_available(macOS 11.0, *)) {
+        pthread_jit_write_protect_np(true);
+    }
+}
+
+void qemu_thread_jit_write(void)
+{
+    if (__builtin_available(macOS 11.0, *)) {
+        pthread_jit_write_protect_np(false);
+    }
+}
+#else
+void qemu_thread_jit_write(void) {}
+void qemu_thread_jit_execute(void) {}
+#endif
-- 
2.30.0


Re: [PATCH v3] tcg: Fix execution on Apple Silicon

Posted by Richard Henderson 6 days, 14 hours ago
On 1/12/21 5:28 PM, Roman Bolshakov wrote:
> Pages can't be both write and executable at the same time on Apple
> Silicon. macOS provides public API to switch write protection [1] for
> JIT applications, like TCG.

So... considering that split w^x is now upstream, can we just call this once
per thread to enable write and leave it write?
Since we have the separate rw mapping.


r~

Re: [PATCH v3] tcg: Fix execution on Apple Silicon

Posted by Joelle van Dyne 6 days, 13 hours ago
No because of macOS weirdness you still have to map with RWX and MAP_JIT
before you can use this. Split w^x is only useful in iOS where they don’t
provide this functionality.

-j

On Wednesday, January 13, 2021, Richard Henderson <
richard.henderson@linaro.org> wrote:

> On 1/12/21 5:28 PM, Roman Bolshakov wrote:
> > Pages can't be both write and executable at the same time on Apple
> > Silicon. macOS provides public API to switch write protection [1] for
> > JIT applications, like TCG.
>
> So... considering that split w^x is now upstream, can we just call this
> once
> per thread to enable write and leave it write?
> Since we have the separate rw mapping.
>
>
> r~
>