[PATCH v3 3/4] virtio: use defer_call() in virtio_irqfd_notify()

Stefan Hajnoczi posted 4 patches 9 months, 1 week ago
There is a newer version of this series
[PATCH v3 3/4] virtio: use defer_call() in virtio_irqfd_notify()
Posted by Stefan Hajnoczi 9 months, 1 week ago
virtio-blk and virtio-scsi invoke virtio_irqfd_notify() to send Used
Buffer Notifications from an IOThread. This involves an eventfd
write(2) syscall. Calling this repeatedly when completing multiple I/O
requests in a row is wasteful.

Use the defer_call() API to batch together virtio_irqfd_notify() calls
made during thread pool (aio=threads), Linux AIO (aio=native), and
io_uring (aio=io_uring) completion processing.

Behavior is unchanged for emulated devices that do not use
defer_call_begin()/defer_call_end() since defer_call() immediately
invokes the callback when called outside a
defer_call_begin()/defer_call_end() region.

fio rw=randread bs=4k iodepth=64 numjobs=8 IOPS increases by ~9% with a
single IOThread and 8 vCPUs. iodepth=1 decreases by ~1% but this could
be noise. Detailed performance data and configuration specifics are
available here:
https://gitlab.com/stefanha/virt-playbooks/-/tree/blk_io_plug-irqfd

This duplicates the BH that virtio-blk uses for batching. The next
commit will remove it.

Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>
---
 block/io_uring.c       |  6 ++++++
 block/linux-aio.c      |  4 ++++
 hw/virtio/virtio.c     | 13 ++++++++++++-
 util/thread-pool.c     |  5 +++++
 hw/virtio/trace-events |  1 +
 5 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/block/io_uring.c b/block/io_uring.c
index 3a1e1f45b3..7cdd00e9f1 100644
--- a/block/io_uring.c
+++ b/block/io_uring.c
@@ -125,6 +125,9 @@ static void luring_process_completions(LuringState *s)
 {
     struct io_uring_cqe *cqes;
     int total_bytes;
+
+    defer_call_begin();
+
     /*
      * Request completion callbacks can run the nested event loop.
      * Schedule ourselves so the nested event loop will "see" remaining
@@ -217,7 +220,10 @@ end:
             aio_co_wake(luringcb->co);
         }
     }
+
     qemu_bh_cancel(s->completion_bh);
+
+    defer_call_end();
 }
 
 static int ioq_submit(LuringState *s)
diff --git a/block/linux-aio.c b/block/linux-aio.c
index a2670b3e46..ec05d946f3 100644
--- a/block/linux-aio.c
+++ b/block/linux-aio.c
@@ -205,6 +205,8 @@ static void qemu_laio_process_completions(LinuxAioState *s)
 {
     struct io_event *events;
 
+    defer_call_begin();
+
     /* Reschedule so nested event loops see currently pending completions */
     qemu_bh_schedule(s->completion_bh);
 
@@ -231,6 +233,8 @@ static void qemu_laio_process_completions(LinuxAioState *s)
      * own `for` loop.  If we are the last all counters dropped to zero. */
     s->event_max = 0;
     s->event_idx = 0;
+
+    defer_call_end();
 }
 
 static void qemu_laio_process_completions_and_submit(LinuxAioState *s)
diff --git a/hw/virtio/virtio.c b/hw/virtio/virtio.c
index 969c25f4cf..d9aeed7012 100644
--- a/hw/virtio/virtio.c
+++ b/hw/virtio/virtio.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
 #include "qapi/error.h"
 #include "qapi/qapi-commands-virtio.h"
 #include "trace.h"
+#include "qemu/defer-call.h"
 #include "qemu/error-report.h"
 #include "qemu/log.h"
 #include "qemu/main-loop.h"
@@ -2426,6 +2427,16 @@ static bool virtio_should_notify(VirtIODevice *vdev, VirtQueue *vq)
     }
 }
 
+/* Batch irqs while inside a defer_call_begin()/defer_call_end() section */
+static void virtio_notify_irqfd_deferred_fn(void *opaque)
+{
+    EventNotifier *notifier = opaque;
+    VirtQueue *vq = container_of(notifier, VirtQueue, guest_notifier);
+
+    trace_virtio_notify_irqfd_deferred_fn(vq->vdev, vq);
+    event_notifier_set(notifier);
+}
+
 void virtio_notify_irqfd(VirtIODevice *vdev, VirtQueue *vq)
 {
     WITH_RCU_READ_LOCK_GUARD() {
@@ -2452,7 +2463,7 @@ void virtio_notify_irqfd(VirtIODevice *vdev, VirtQueue *vq)
      * to an atomic operation.
      */
     virtio_set_isr(vq->vdev, 0x1);
-    event_notifier_set(&vq->guest_notifier);
+    defer_call(virtio_notify_irqfd_deferred_fn, &vq->guest_notifier);
 }
 
 static void virtio_irq(VirtQueue *vq)
diff --git a/util/thread-pool.c b/util/thread-pool.c
index e3d8292d14..d84961779a 100644
--- a/util/thread-pool.c
+++ b/util/thread-pool.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
  * GNU GPL, version 2 or (at your option) any later version.
  */
 #include "qemu/osdep.h"
+#include "qemu/defer-call.h"
 #include "qemu/queue.h"
 #include "qemu/thread.h"
 #include "qemu/coroutine.h"
@@ -175,6 +176,8 @@ static void thread_pool_completion_bh(void *opaque)
     ThreadPool *pool = opaque;
     ThreadPoolElement *elem, *next;
 
+    defer_call_begin(); /* cb() may use defer_call() to coalesce work */
+
 restart:
     QLIST_FOREACH_SAFE(elem, &pool->head, all, next) {
         if (elem->state != THREAD_DONE) {
@@ -208,6 +211,8 @@ restart:
             qemu_aio_unref(elem);
         }
     }
+
+    defer_call_end();
 }
 
 static void thread_pool_cancel(BlockAIOCB *acb)
diff --git a/hw/virtio/trace-events b/hw/virtio/trace-events
index 7109cf1a3b..29f4f543ad 100644
--- a/hw/virtio/trace-events
+++ b/hw/virtio/trace-events
@@ -73,6 +73,7 @@ virtqueue_fill(void *vq, const void *elem, unsigned int len, unsigned int idx) "
 virtqueue_flush(void *vq, unsigned int count) "vq %p count %u"
 virtqueue_pop(void *vq, void *elem, unsigned int in_num, unsigned int out_num) "vq %p elem %p in_num %u out_num %u"
 virtio_queue_notify(void *vdev, int n, void *vq) "vdev %p n %d vq %p"
+virtio_notify_irqfd_deferred_fn(void *vdev, void *vq) "vdev %p vq %p"
 virtio_notify_irqfd(void *vdev, void *vq) "vdev %p vq %p"
 virtio_notify(void *vdev, void *vq) "vdev %p vq %p"
 virtio_set_status(void *vdev, uint8_t val) "vdev %p val %u"
-- 
2.41.0