[PATCH v37 00/17] QEMU AVR 8 bit cores

Aleksandar Markovic posted 17 patches 2 days ago
Only 0 patches received!

[PATCH v37 00/17] QEMU AVR 8 bit cores

Posted by Aleksandar Markovic 2 days ago
On Monday, December 2, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:

>
>
> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com> wrote:
>
>> how can I get this elf flags from within QEMU?
>>
>>>
>>>
> In one of files from your "machine" patch, you have this snippet:
>
> +        bytes_loaded = load_elf(
> +            filename, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, EM_NONE, 0,
> 0);
>
> With this line you a kind of "blindly" load whatever you find in the file
> "filename". I think you need to modify load_elf() to fetch the information
> on what core the elf in question is compiled for. Additionally, you most
> likely have to check if the elf file is compiled for AVR at all.
>
> I don't know enough about AVR-specifics of ELF format, but I know that we
> in MIPS read successfuly some MIPS-specific things we need to know. Do some
> research for ELF format headrr content for AVR.
>
> This is really missing in your series, seriously.
>
> Please keep in mind that I don't have right now at hand any dev system, so
> all I said here is off of my head.
>
> You have to do some code digging.
>
>
First, you need to update

https://github.com/qemu/qemu/blob/master/include/elf.h

with bits and pieces for AVR.

In binutils file:

https://github.com/bminor/binutils-gdb/blob/master/include/elf/common.h

you will spot the line:

#define EM_AVR 83 /* Atmel AVR 8-bit microcontroller */

that is the value of e_machine field for AVR, which you need to insert in
qemu's include/elf.h about at line 162.

Then, in another binutils file:

https://github.com/bminor/binutils-gdb/blob/master/include/elf/avr.h

you find the lines:

#define E_AVR_MACH_AVR1 1
#define E_AVR_MACH_AVR2 2
#define E_AVR_MACH_AVR25 25
#define E_AVR_MACH_AVR3 3
#define E_AVR_MACH_AVR31 31
#define E_AVR_MACH_AVR35 35
#define E_AVR_MACH_AVR4 4
#define E_AVR_MACH_AVR5 5
#define E_AVR_MACH_AVR51 51
#define E_AVR_MACH_AVR6 6
#define E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY 100
#define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1 101
#define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2 102
#define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3 103
#define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4 104
#define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5 105
#define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6 106
#define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7 107

That you also need to insert in qemu's include/elf.h, probably at the end
of tge foke or elsewhere.

Perhaps something more you need to insert into that file, you'll see.

Than, you need to modify the file where load_elf() resides with AVR
support, take a look at other architectures' support, and adjust to what
you need.

I know it will be contrieved at times, but, personally, similar ELF support
must be done for any upcoming platform. Only if there is some
unsourmantable obstacle, that support can be omitted.

I am on vacation next 10 days.

Yours,
Aleksandar

.

> Best regards, Aleksandar
>
>
>> On Mon, Dec 2, 2019 at 4:01 PM Aleksandar Markovic <
>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>>>
>>>
>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>> No, I don't.
>>>> but I also can load and execute a binary file which does not have this
>>>> information.
>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>> OK. Let's think about that for a while. I currently think you have here
>>> an opportunity to add a really clean interface from the outset of AVR
>>> support in QEMU (that even some established platforms don't have in full),
>>> which is, trust me, very important for future. And it not that difficult to
>>> implement at all. But let's both think for a while.
>>>
>>> Best regards,
>>> Aleksandar
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>>> On Mon, Dec 2, 2019 at 11:59 AM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On Saturday, November 30, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com>
>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>>> There is *-cpu *option where you can specify what CPU you want, if
>>>>>>> this option is not specified avr6 (avr6-avr-cpu) is chosen.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> *./avr-softmmu/qemu-system-avr -cpu help*
>>>>>>> avr1-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> avr2-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> avr25-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> avr3-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> avr31-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> avr35-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> avr4-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> avr5-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> avr51-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> avr6-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> xmega2-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> xmega4-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> xmega5-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> xmega6-avr-cpu
>>>>>>> xmega7-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>> What happens if you specify a core via -cpu, and supply elf file
>>>>>> compiled for another core?
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>> It looks there is some related info written in ELF header. This is
>>>>> from a binutils header:
>>>>>
>>>>> (so it looks you could detect the core from elf file - do you do that
>>>>> detection right now?)
>>>>>
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR1     1
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR2     2
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR25   25
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR3     3
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR31   31
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR35   35
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR4     4
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR5     5
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR51   51
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR6     6
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY 100
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1  101
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2  102
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3  103
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4  104
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5  105
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6  106
>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7  107
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Best regards,
>>>>>> Akeksandar
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Regards,
>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On Sat, Nov 30, 2019 at 1:28 PM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Wednesday, November 27, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com>
>>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> This series of patches adds 8bit AVR cores to QEMU.
>>>>>>>>> All instruction, except BREAK/DES/SPM/SPMX, are implemented. Not
>>>>>>>>> fully tested yet.
>>>>>>>>> However I was able to execute simple code with functions. e.g
>>>>>>>>> fibonacci calculation.
>>>>>>>>> This series of patches include a non real, sample board.
>>>>>>>>> No fuses support yet. PC is set to 0 at reset.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Following are examples of possible usages, assuming program.elf is
>>>>>>>>> compiled for AVR cpu
>>>>>>>>> 1.  Continious non interrupted execution
>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf`
>>>>>>>>> 2.  Continious non interrupted execution with serial output into
>>>>>>>>> telnet window
>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -serial
>>>>>>>>> tcp::5678,server,nowait -nographic `
>>>>>>>>>     run `telent localhost 5678`
>>>>>>>>> 3.  Continious non interrupted execution with serial output into
>>>>>>>>> stdout
>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -serial stdio`
>>>>>>>>> 4.  Debugging wit GDB debugger
>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -s -S`
>>>>>>>>>     run `avr-gdb program.elf` and then within GDB shell `target
>>>>>>>>> remote :1234`
>>>>>>>>> 5.  Print out executed instructions
>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -d in_asm`
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Hi, Michael.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Can you explain to me the mechanisms of recognition of what
>>>>>>>> core/microcontroller QEMU is supposed to emulate in the examples above?
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Yours, Aleksandar
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> the patches include the following
>>>>>>>>> 1. just a basic 8bit AVR CPU, without instruction decoding or
>>>>>>>>> translation
>>>>>>>>> 2. CPU features which allow define the following 8bit AVR cores
>>>>>>>>>      avr1
>>>>>>>>>      avr2 avr25
>>>>>>>>>      avr3 avr31 avr35
>>>>>>>>>      avr4
>>>>>>>>>      avr5 avr51
>>>>>>>>>      avr6
>>>>>>>>>      xmega2 xmega4 xmega5 xmega6 xmega7
>>>>>>>>> 3. a definition of sample machine with SRAM, FLASH and CPU which
>>>>>>>>> allows to execute simple code
>>>>>>>>> 4. encoding for all AVR instructions
>>>>>>>>> 5. interrupt handling
>>>>>>>>> 6. helpers for IN, OUT, SLEEP, WBR & unsupported instructions
>>>>>>>>> 7. a decoder which given an opcode decides what istruction it is
>>>>>>>>> 8. translation of AVR instruction into TCG
>>>>>>>>> 9. all features together
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v3
>>>>>>>>> 1. rampD/X/Y/Z registers are encoded as 0x00ff0000 (instead of
>>>>>>>>> 0x000000ff) for faster address manipulaton
>>>>>>>>> 2. ffs changed to ctz32
>>>>>>>>> 3. duplicate code removed at avr_cpu_do_interrupt
>>>>>>>>> 4. using andc instead of not + and
>>>>>>>>> 5. fixing V flag calculation in varios instructions
>>>>>>>>> 6. freeing local variables in PUSH
>>>>>>>>> 7. tcg_const_local_i32 -> tcg_const_i32
>>>>>>>>> 8. using sextract32 instead of my implementation
>>>>>>>>> 9. fixing BLD instruction
>>>>>>>>> 10.xor(r) instead of 0xff - r at COM
>>>>>>>>> 11.fixing MULS/MULSU not to modify inputs' content
>>>>>>>>> 12.using SUB for NEG
>>>>>>>>> 13.fixing tcg_gen_qemu_ld/st call in XCH
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v4
>>>>>>>>> 1. target is now defined as big endian in order to optimize
>>>>>>>>> push_ret/pop_ret
>>>>>>>>> 2. all style warnings are fixed
>>>>>>>>> 3. adding cpu_set/get_sreg functions
>>>>>>>>> 4. simplifying gen_goto_tb as there is no real paging
>>>>>>>>> 5. env->pc -> env->pc_w
>>>>>>>>> 6. making flag dump more compact
>>>>>>>>> 7. more spacing
>>>>>>>>> 8. renaming CODE/DATA_INDEX -> MMU_CODE/DATA_IDX
>>>>>>>>> 9. removing avr_set_feature
>>>>>>>>> 10. SPL/SPH set bug fix
>>>>>>>>> 11. switching stb_phys to cpu_stb_data
>>>>>>>>> 12. cleaning up avr_decode
>>>>>>>>> 13. saving sreg, rampD/X/Y/Z, eind in HW format (savevm)
>>>>>>>>> 14. saving CPU features (savevm)
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v5
>>>>>>>>> 1. BLD bug fix
>>>>>>>>> 2. decoder generator is added
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> chages since v6
>>>>>>>>> 1. using cpu_get_sreg/cpu_set_sreg in
>>>>>>>>> avr_cpu_gdb_read_register/avr_cpu_gdb_write_register
>>>>>>>>> 2. configure the target as little endian because otherwise GDB
>>>>>>>>> does not work
>>>>>>>>> 3. fixing and testing gen_push_ret/gen_pop_ret
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v7
>>>>>>>>> 1. folding back v6
>>>>>>>>> 2. logging at helper_outb and helper_inb are done for non
>>>>>>>>> supported yet registers only
>>>>>>>>> 3. MAINTAINERS updated
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v8
>>>>>>>>> 1. removing hw/avr from hw/Makefile.obj as it should not be built
>>>>>>>>> for all
>>>>>>>>> 2. making linux compilable
>>>>>>>>> 3. testing on
>>>>>>>>>     a. Mac, Apple LLVM version 7.0.0
>>>>>>>>>     b. Ubuntu 12.04, gcc 4.9.2
>>>>>>>>>     c. Fedora 23, gcc 5.3.1
>>>>>>>>> 4. folding back some patches
>>>>>>>>> 5. translation bug fixes for ORI, CPI, XOR instructions
>>>>>>>>> 6. propper handling of cpu register writes though memory
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v9
>>>>>>>>> 1. removing forward declarations of static functions
>>>>>>>>> 2. disabling debug prints
>>>>>>>>> 3. switching to case range instead of if else if ...
>>>>>>>>> 4. LD/ST IN/OUT accessing CPU maintainder registers are not routed
>>>>>>>>> to any device
>>>>>>>>> 5. commenst about sample board and sample IO device added
>>>>>>>>> 6. sample board description is more descriptive now
>>>>>>>>> 7. memory_region_allocate_system_memory is used to create RAM
>>>>>>>>> 8. now there are helper_fullrd & helper_fullwr when LD/ST try to
>>>>>>>>> access registers
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v10
>>>>>>>>> 1. movig back fullwr & fullrd into the commit where outb and inb
>>>>>>>>> were introduced
>>>>>>>>> 2. changing tlb_fill function signature
>>>>>>>>> 3. adding empty line between functions
>>>>>>>>> 4. adding newline on the last line of the file
>>>>>>>>> 5. using tb->flags to generae full access ST/LD instructions
>>>>>>>>> 6. fixing SBRC bug
>>>>>>>>> 7. folding back 10th commit
>>>>>>>>> 8. whenever a new file is introduced it's added to Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v11
>>>>>>>>> 1. updating to v2.7.0-rc
>>>>>>>>> 2. removing assignment to env->fullacc from gen_intermediate_code
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v12
>>>>>>>>> 1. fixing spacing
>>>>>>>>> 2. fixing get/put_segment functions
>>>>>>>>> 3. removing target-avr/machine.h file
>>>>>>>>> 4. VMSTATE_SINGLE_TEST -> VMSTATE_SINGLE
>>>>>>>>> 5. comment spelling
>>>>>>>>> 6. removing hw/avr/sample_io.c
>>>>>>>>> 7. char const* -> const char*
>>>>>>>>> 8. proper ram allocation
>>>>>>>>> 9. fixing breakpoint functionality.
>>>>>>>>> 10.env1 -> env
>>>>>>>>> 11.fixing avr_cpu_gdb_write_register & avr_cpu_gdb_read_register
>>>>>>>>> functions
>>>>>>>>> 12.any cpu is removed
>>>>>>>>> 12.feature bits are not saved into vm state
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v13
>>>>>>>>> 1. rebasing to v2.7.0-rc1
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v14
>>>>>>>>> 1. I made self review with git gui tool. (I did not know such a
>>>>>>>>> thing exists)
>>>>>>>>> 2. removing all double/tripple spaces
>>>>>>>>> 3. removing comment reference to SampleIO
>>>>>>>>> 4. folding back some changes, so there is not deleted lines in my
>>>>>>>>> code
>>>>>>>>> 5. moving avr configuration, within configure file, before chris
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v15
>>>>>>>>> 1. removing IO registers cache from CPU
>>>>>>>>> 2. implementing CBI/SBI as read(helper_inb), modify,
>>>>>>>>> write(helper_outb)
>>>>>>>>> 3. implementing CBIC/SBIC as read(helper_inb), check, branch
>>>>>>>>> 4. adding missing tcg_temp_free_i32 for tcg_const_i32
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v16
>>>>>>>>> 1. removing EXT IO registers knoledge from CPU. These registers
>>>>>>>>> are accessible
>>>>>>>>>    by LD/ST only. CPU has no interest in them
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v17 (by Richard Henderson)
>>>>>>>>> This is Michael's v17, with some adjustments of my own:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> 1. Fix the whitespace errors reported by "git am",
>>>>>>>>> 2. Replace the utf-8 characters with normal ascii,
>>>>>>>>> 3. Ditch the separate compilation of translate.c.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> I retained the two separate files that could be regenerated
>>>>>>>>> from the included cpugen program, but merged in translate-insn.c.
>>>>>>>>> Not that it matters, but the code generated is about 3k smaller.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v18
>>>>>>>>> 1.  moving target-avr into target/avr
>>>>>>>>> 2.  do not call cpu_exec_initfn function from avr_cpu_initfn
>>>>>>>>> 3.  call cpu_exec_realizefn avr_cpu_realizefn
>>>>>>>>> 4.  do not fail sample machine creation if no rom is suplied
>>>>>>>>> 5.  add tcg_gen_exit_tb(0) for BS_BRANCH in gen_intermediate_code
>>>>>>>>> 6.  fix a register getters/setters in machine.c
>>>>>>>>> 7.  changing QEMU_ARCH_AVR from 1<<17 to 1<<18
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v19
>>>>>>>>> 1.  use decodetree.py tool to decode instructions
>>>>>>>>> 2.  adding USART
>>>>>>>>> 3.  adding 16 bit timer peripherals
>>>>>>>>> 4.  changing QEMU_ARCH_AVR from 1<<18 to 1<<20
>>>>>>>>> 5.  renaming tlb_fill to avr_cpu_tlb_fill
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v20
>>>>>>>>> 1.  use one CPU naming convention
>>>>>>>>> 2.  merging insn16.decode & insn32.decode files
>>>>>>>>> 3.  modifying skip next instruction mechanizm
>>>>>>>>> 4.  translate BREAK as NOP for now
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v21
>>>>>>>>> 1.  Reorganize bstate.
>>>>>>>>>     This will make transition to <exec/translator.h> easier, and
>>>>>>>>> fixes a couple of bugs wrt single stepping
>>>>>>>>>     by richard.henderson@linaro.org
>>>>>>>>> 2.  Drop cpc and fix page cross condition.
>>>>>>>>>     by richard.henderson@linaro.org
>>>>>>>>> 3.  Refactor checking supported/unsupported instructions
>>>>>>>>> 4.  Add gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v22
>>>>>>>>> 1.  Rebase
>>>>>>>>> 2.  Split long comment
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v23
>>>>>>>>> 1.  remove avr_cpu_list_compare function
>>>>>>>>> 2.  modify avr_cpu_class_by_name function
>>>>>>>>> 3.  modify avr_cpu_list_entry function
>>>>>>>>> 4.  modify avr_cpu_list function
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v24
>>>>>>>>> 1.  remove AVR_CPU_TYPE_NAME macro
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v25
>>>>>>>>> 1.  fix patches. every file belong to one patch only
>>>>>>>>> 2.  change copyright year from 2016 to 2019
>>>>>>>>> 3.  create mask device to emulate prr0/prr1
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v26
>>>>>>>>> 1.  add avocado acceptence test
>>>>>>>>> 2.  add boot serial test
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v27
>>>>>>>>> 1.  list atmel2560 devices as unimplemented
>>>>>>>>> 2.  fix sram base/size
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v28
>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>> 2.  fix includes & build
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v29
>>>>>>>>> 1.  fixing ownership
>>>>>>>>> 2.  using 'since' instread of 'added in'
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v30
>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v31
>>>>>>>>> 1.  splitting 'Add instruction translation' commit
>>>>>>>>> 2.  fixing typo in qapi/machine.json sicne -> since
>>>>>>>>> 3.  removing unintended changes in configure file
>>>>>>>>> 4.  adding Richard Henderson as a co developer to 'Add instruction
>>>>>>>>> translation - CPU main translation funcions' commit
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v32
>>>>>>>>> 1.  modify cpu_get_sreg to treat sreg C as other flags, except
>>>>>>>>> sreg Z
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v33
>>>>>>>>> 1.  ensure flag C is always calculated as one bit
>>>>>>>>> 2.  calculate flag Z as one bit, without using inverse logic
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v34
>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v35
>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>> 2.  use NANOSECONDS_PER_SECOND instead of 1000000000 in
>>>>>>>>> avr_timer16.c
>>>>>>>>> 3.  split "target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of QEMU"
>>>>>>>>> into three patches
>>>>>>>>>     1.  "target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of QEMU"
>>>>>>>>>     2.  "target/avr: Update build system"
>>>>>>>>>     3.  "target/avr: Update MAINTAINERS file"
>>>>>>>>> 4.  split "target/avr: Add tests" patch into two patches
>>>>>>>>>     1.  "target/avr: Add Avocado test"
>>>>>>>>>     2.  "target/avr: Add boot serial test"
>>>>>>>>> 5.  Add instruction disassembly function
>>>>>>>>> 6.  change "since 4.2" to "since 5.0"
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> changes since v36
>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>> 2.  tename
>>>>>>>>>     1.  NO_CPU_REGISTERS    -> NUMBER_OF_CPU_REGISTERS
>>>>>>>>>     2.  NO_IO_REGISTERS     -> NUMBER_OF_IO_REGISTERS
>>>>>>>>>     3.  to_A                -> to_regs_16_31_by_one
>>>>>>>>>     4.  to_B                -> to_regs_16_23_by_one
>>>>>>>>>     5.  to_C                -> to_regs_24_30_by_two
>>>>>>>>>     6.  to_D                -> to_regs_00_30_by_two
>>>>>>>>> 3.  add missing licences
>>>>>>>>> 4.  add usage example (see above)
>>>>>>>>> 5.  ass Sarah Harris <S.E.Harris@kent.ac.uk> as a reviewer to
>>>>>>>>> MAINTAINERS
>>>>>>>>> 7.  use git commit sha1 instead of `master`` in avocado test
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik (16):
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add outward facing interfaces and core CPU logic
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction helpers
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction decoding
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Registers definition
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Arithmetic and Logic
>>>>>>>>>     Instructions
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Branch Instructions
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Bit and Bit-test
>>>>>>>>>     Instructions
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - MCU Control
>>>>>>>>> Instructions
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - CPU main translation
>>>>>>>>>     function
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction disassembly function
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add example board configuration
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of QEMU
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Update build system
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add boot serial test
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add Avocado test
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Update MAINTAINERS file
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Sarah Harris (1):
>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add limited support for USART and 16 bit timer
>>>>>>>>> peripherals
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>  configure                        |    7 +
>>>>>>>>>  default-configs/avr-softmmu.mak  |    5 +
>>>>>>>>>  qapi/machine.json                |    3 +-
>>>>>>>>>  include/disas/dis-asm.h          |    6 +
>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/char/avr_usart.h      |   97 +
>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/misc/avr_mask.h       |   47 +
>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/timer/avr_timer16.h   |   97 +
>>>>>>>>>  include/sysemu/arch_init.h       |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu-param.h           |   37 +
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu-qom.h             |   54 +
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu.h                 |  254 +++
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/helper.h              |   29 +
>>>>>>>>>  arch_init.c                      |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/sample.c                  |  282 +++
>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/avr_usart.c              |  324 ++++
>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/avr_mask.c               |  112 ++
>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/avr_timer16.c           |  605 ++++++
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu.c                 |  576 ++++++
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/disas.c               |  228 +++
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/gdbstub.c             |   85 +
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/helper.c              |  354 ++++
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/machine.c             |  121 ++
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/translate.c           | 3052
>>>>>>>>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>>>>>>>  tests/boot-serial-test.c         |   10 +
>>>>>>>>>  tests/machine-none-test.c        |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>  MAINTAINERS                      |   11 +
>>>>>>>>>  gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml              |   49 +
>>>>>>>>>  hw/Kconfig                       |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/Kconfig                   |    6 +
>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/Makefile.objs             |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/Kconfig                  |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/Makefile.objs            |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/Kconfig                  |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/Makefile.objs            |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/Kconfig                 |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/Makefile.objs           |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/Makefile.objs         |   34 +
>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/insn.decode           |  194 ++
>>>>>>>>>  tests/Makefile.include           |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>  tests/acceptance/machine_avr6.py |   56 +
>>>>>>>>>  40 files changed, 6756 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 default-configs/avr-softmmu.mak
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/char/avr_usart.h
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/misc/avr_mask.h
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/timer/avr_timer16.h
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu-param.h
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu-qom.h
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu.h
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/helper.h
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/sample.c
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/char/avr_usart.c
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/misc/avr_mask.c
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/timer/avr_timer16.c
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu.c
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/disas.c
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/gdbstub.c
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/helper.c
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/machine.c
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/translate.c
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/Kconfig
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/insn.decode
>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 tests/acceptance/machine_avr6.py
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>>>> 2.17.2 (Apple Git-113)
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>> Best Regards,
>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>
>>>> --
>>>> Best Regards,
>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>
>>>
>>
>> --
>> Best Regards,
>> Michael Rolnik
>>
>

Re: [PATCH v37 00/17] QEMU AVR 8 bit cores

Posted by Aleksandar Markovic 2 days ago
On Tuesday, December 3, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:

>
>
> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>
>>
>>
>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>>> how can I get this elf flags from within QEMU?
>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>> In one of files from your "machine" patch, you have this snippet:
>>
>> +        bytes_loaded = load_elf(
>> +            filename, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, EM_NONE, 0,
>> 0);
>>
>> With this line you a kind of "blindly" load whatever you find in the file
>> "filename". I think you need to modify load_elf() to fetch the information
>> on what core the elf in question is compiled for. Additionally, you most
>> likely have to check if the elf file is compiled for AVR at all.
>>
>> I don't know enough about AVR-specifics of ELF format, but I know that we
>> in MIPS read successfuly some MIPS-specific things we need to know. Do some
>> research for ELF format headrr content for AVR.
>>
>> This is really missing in your series, seriously.
>>
>> Please keep in mind that I don't have right now at hand any dev system,
>> so all I said here is off of my head.
>>
>> You have to do some code digging.
>>
>>
> First, you need to update
>
> https://github.com/qemu/qemu/blob/master/include/elf.h
>
> with bits and pieces for AVR.
>
> In binutils file:
>
> https://github.com/bminor/binutils-gdb/blob/master/include/elf/common.h
>
> you will spot the line:
>
> #define EM_AVR 83 /* Atmel AVR 8-bit microcontroller */
>
> that is the value of e_machine field for AVR, which you need to insert in
> qemu's include/elf.h about at line 162.
>
> Then, in another binutils file:
>
> https://github.com/bminor/binutils-gdb/blob/master/include/elf/avr.h
>
> you find the lines:
>
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR1 1
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR2 2
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR25 25
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR3 3
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR31 31
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR35 35
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR4 4
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR5 5
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR51 51
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR6 6
> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY 100
> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1 101
> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2 102
> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3 103
> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4 104
> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5 105
> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6 106
> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7 107
>
> That you also need to insert in qemu's include/elf.h, probably at the end
> of tge foke or elsewhere.
>
> Perhaps something more you need to insert into that file, you'll see.
>
> Than, you need to modify the file where load_elf() resides with AVR
> support, take a look at other architectures' support, and adjust to what
> you need.
>
> I know it will be contrieved at times, but, personally, similar ELF
> support must be done for any upcoming platform. Only if there is some
> unsourmantable obstacle, that support can be omitted.
>
> I am on vacation next 10 days.
>
>
In the source of readelf utility:


static void
decode_AVR_machine_flags (unsigned e_flags, char buf[], size_t size)
{
  --size; /* Leave space for null terminator.  */

  switch (e_flags & EF_AVR_MACH)
    {
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVR1:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:1", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVR2:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:2", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVR25:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:25", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVR3:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:3", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVR31:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:31", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVR35:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:35", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVR4:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:4", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVR5:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:5", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVR51:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:51", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVR6:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:6", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:100", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:101", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:102", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:103", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:104", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:105", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:106", size);
      break;
    case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:107", size);
      break;
    default:
      strncat (buf, ", avr:<unknown>", size);
      break;
    }


So, it looks, for 8-bit AVR, e_machine must be 83 (EM_AVR), while e_flags
is one of E_AVR_MACH_XXX constants. You just need to store somewhere
E_AVR_MACH_XXX that you read from given ELF file, and compare it with core
specified by "-cpu" command line option.



> Yours,
> Aleksandar
>
> .
>
>> Best regards, Aleksandar
>>
>>
>>> On Mon, Dec 2, 2019 at 4:01 PM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>>> No, I don't.
>>>>> but I also can load and execute a binary file which does not have this
>>>>> information.
>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>> OK. Let's think about that for a while. I currently think you have here
>>>> an opportunity to add a really clean interface from the outset of AVR
>>>> support in QEMU (that even some established platforms don't have in full),
>>>> which is, trust me, very important for future. And it not that difficult to
>>>> implement at all. But let's both think for a while.
>>>>
>>>> Best regards,
>>>> Aleksandar
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>> On Mon, Dec 2, 2019 at 11:59 AM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On Saturday, November 30, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com>
>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> There is *-cpu *option where you can specify what CPU you want, if
>>>>>>>> this option is not specified avr6 (avr6-avr-cpu) is chosen.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> *./avr-softmmu/qemu-system-avr -cpu help*
>>>>>>>> avr1-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> avr2-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> avr25-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> avr3-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> avr31-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> avr35-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> avr4-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> avr5-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> avr51-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> avr6-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> xmega2-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> xmega4-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> xmega5-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> xmega6-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>> xmega7-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> What happens if you specify a core via -cpu, and supply elf file
>>>>>>> compiled for another core?
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>> It looks there is some related info written in ELF header. This is
>>>>>> from a binutils header:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> (so it looks you could detect the core from elf file - do you do that
>>>>>> detection right now?)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR1     1
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR2     2
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR25   25
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR3     3
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR31   31
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR35   35
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR4     4
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR5     5
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR51   51
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR6     6
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY 100
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1  101
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2  102
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3  103
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4  104
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5  105
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6  106
>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7  107
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Best regards,
>>>>>>> Akeksandar
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Regards,
>>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Sat, Nov 30, 2019 at 1:28 PM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On Wednesday, November 27, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com>
>>>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> This series of patches adds 8bit AVR cores to QEMU.
>>>>>>>>>> All instruction, except BREAK/DES/SPM/SPMX, are implemented. Not
>>>>>>>>>> fully tested yet.
>>>>>>>>>> However I was able to execute simple code with functions. e.g
>>>>>>>>>> fibonacci calculation.
>>>>>>>>>> This series of patches include a non real, sample board.
>>>>>>>>>> No fuses support yet. PC is set to 0 at reset.
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Following are examples of possible usages, assuming program.elf
>>>>>>>>>> is compiled for AVR cpu
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  Continious non interrupted execution
>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf`
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  Continious non interrupted execution with serial output into
>>>>>>>>>> telnet window
>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -serial
>>>>>>>>>> tcp::5678,server,nowait -nographic `
>>>>>>>>>>     run `telent localhost 5678`
>>>>>>>>>> 3.  Continious non interrupted execution with serial output into
>>>>>>>>>> stdout
>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -serial stdio`
>>>>>>>>>> 4.  Debugging wit GDB debugger
>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -s -S`
>>>>>>>>>>     run `avr-gdb program.elf` and then within GDB shell `target
>>>>>>>>>> remote :1234`
>>>>>>>>>> 5.  Print out executed instructions
>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -d in_asm`
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Hi, Michael.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Can you explain to me the mechanisms of recognition of what
>>>>>>>>> core/microcontroller QEMU is supposed to emulate in the examples above?
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Yours, Aleksandar
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> the patches include the following
>>>>>>>>>> 1. just a basic 8bit AVR CPU, without instruction decoding or
>>>>>>>>>> translation
>>>>>>>>>> 2. CPU features which allow define the following 8bit AVR cores
>>>>>>>>>>      avr1
>>>>>>>>>>      avr2 avr25
>>>>>>>>>>      avr3 avr31 avr35
>>>>>>>>>>      avr4
>>>>>>>>>>      avr5 avr51
>>>>>>>>>>      avr6
>>>>>>>>>>      xmega2 xmega4 xmega5 xmega6 xmega7
>>>>>>>>>> 3. a definition of sample machine with SRAM, FLASH and CPU which
>>>>>>>>>> allows to execute simple code
>>>>>>>>>> 4. encoding for all AVR instructions
>>>>>>>>>> 5. interrupt handling
>>>>>>>>>> 6. helpers for IN, OUT, SLEEP, WBR & unsupported instructions
>>>>>>>>>> 7. a decoder which given an opcode decides what istruction it is
>>>>>>>>>> 8. translation of AVR instruction into TCG
>>>>>>>>>> 9. all features together
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v3
>>>>>>>>>> 1. rampD/X/Y/Z registers are encoded as 0x00ff0000 (instead of
>>>>>>>>>> 0x000000ff) for faster address manipulaton
>>>>>>>>>> 2. ffs changed to ctz32
>>>>>>>>>> 3. duplicate code removed at avr_cpu_do_interrupt
>>>>>>>>>> 4. using andc instead of not + and
>>>>>>>>>> 5. fixing V flag calculation in varios instructions
>>>>>>>>>> 6. freeing local variables in PUSH
>>>>>>>>>> 7. tcg_const_local_i32 -> tcg_const_i32
>>>>>>>>>> 8. using sextract32 instead of my implementation
>>>>>>>>>> 9. fixing BLD instruction
>>>>>>>>>> 10.xor(r) instead of 0xff - r at COM
>>>>>>>>>> 11.fixing MULS/MULSU not to modify inputs' content
>>>>>>>>>> 12.using SUB for NEG
>>>>>>>>>> 13.fixing tcg_gen_qemu_ld/st call in XCH
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v4
>>>>>>>>>> 1. target is now defined as big endian in order to optimize
>>>>>>>>>> push_ret/pop_ret
>>>>>>>>>> 2. all style warnings are fixed
>>>>>>>>>> 3. adding cpu_set/get_sreg functions
>>>>>>>>>> 4. simplifying gen_goto_tb as there is no real paging
>>>>>>>>>> 5. env->pc -> env->pc_w
>>>>>>>>>> 6. making flag dump more compact
>>>>>>>>>> 7. more spacing
>>>>>>>>>> 8. renaming CODE/DATA_INDEX -> MMU_CODE/DATA_IDX
>>>>>>>>>> 9. removing avr_set_feature
>>>>>>>>>> 10. SPL/SPH set bug fix
>>>>>>>>>> 11. switching stb_phys to cpu_stb_data
>>>>>>>>>> 12. cleaning up avr_decode
>>>>>>>>>> 13. saving sreg, rampD/X/Y/Z, eind in HW format (savevm)
>>>>>>>>>> 14. saving CPU features (savevm)
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v5
>>>>>>>>>> 1. BLD bug fix
>>>>>>>>>> 2. decoder generator is added
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> chages since v6
>>>>>>>>>> 1. using cpu_get_sreg/cpu_set_sreg in
>>>>>>>>>> avr_cpu_gdb_read_register/avr_cpu_gdb_write_register
>>>>>>>>>> 2. configure the target as little endian because otherwise GDB
>>>>>>>>>> does not work
>>>>>>>>>> 3. fixing and testing gen_push_ret/gen_pop_ret
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v7
>>>>>>>>>> 1. folding back v6
>>>>>>>>>> 2. logging at helper_outb and helper_inb are done for non
>>>>>>>>>> supported yet registers only
>>>>>>>>>> 3. MAINTAINERS updated
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v8
>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing hw/avr from hw/Makefile.obj as it should not be built
>>>>>>>>>> for all
>>>>>>>>>> 2. making linux compilable
>>>>>>>>>> 3. testing on
>>>>>>>>>>     a. Mac, Apple LLVM version 7.0.0
>>>>>>>>>>     b. Ubuntu 12.04, gcc 4.9.2
>>>>>>>>>>     c. Fedora 23, gcc 5.3.1
>>>>>>>>>> 4. folding back some patches
>>>>>>>>>> 5. translation bug fixes for ORI, CPI, XOR instructions
>>>>>>>>>> 6. propper handling of cpu register writes though memory
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v9
>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing forward declarations of static functions
>>>>>>>>>> 2. disabling debug prints
>>>>>>>>>> 3. switching to case range instead of if else if ...
>>>>>>>>>> 4. LD/ST IN/OUT accessing CPU maintainder registers are not
>>>>>>>>>> routed to any device
>>>>>>>>>> 5. commenst about sample board and sample IO device added
>>>>>>>>>> 6. sample board description is more descriptive now
>>>>>>>>>> 7. memory_region_allocate_system_memory is used to create RAM
>>>>>>>>>> 8. now there are helper_fullrd & helper_fullwr when LD/ST try to
>>>>>>>>>> access registers
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v10
>>>>>>>>>> 1. movig back fullwr & fullrd into the commit where outb and inb
>>>>>>>>>> were introduced
>>>>>>>>>> 2. changing tlb_fill function signature
>>>>>>>>>> 3. adding empty line between functions
>>>>>>>>>> 4. adding newline on the last line of the file
>>>>>>>>>> 5. using tb->flags to generae full access ST/LD instructions
>>>>>>>>>> 6. fixing SBRC bug
>>>>>>>>>> 7. folding back 10th commit
>>>>>>>>>> 8. whenever a new file is introduced it's added to Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v11
>>>>>>>>>> 1. updating to v2.7.0-rc
>>>>>>>>>> 2. removing assignment to env->fullacc from gen_intermediate_code
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v12
>>>>>>>>>> 1. fixing spacing
>>>>>>>>>> 2. fixing get/put_segment functions
>>>>>>>>>> 3. removing target-avr/machine.h file
>>>>>>>>>> 4. VMSTATE_SINGLE_TEST -> VMSTATE_SINGLE
>>>>>>>>>> 5. comment spelling
>>>>>>>>>> 6. removing hw/avr/sample_io.c
>>>>>>>>>> 7. char const* -> const char*
>>>>>>>>>> 8. proper ram allocation
>>>>>>>>>> 9. fixing breakpoint functionality.
>>>>>>>>>> 10.env1 -> env
>>>>>>>>>> 11.fixing avr_cpu_gdb_write_register & avr_cpu_gdb_read_register
>>>>>>>>>> functions
>>>>>>>>>> 12.any cpu is removed
>>>>>>>>>> 12.feature bits are not saved into vm state
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v13
>>>>>>>>>> 1. rebasing to v2.7.0-rc1
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v14
>>>>>>>>>> 1. I made self review with git gui tool. (I did not know such a
>>>>>>>>>> thing exists)
>>>>>>>>>> 2. removing all double/tripple spaces
>>>>>>>>>> 3. removing comment reference to SampleIO
>>>>>>>>>> 4. folding back some changes, so there is not deleted lines in my
>>>>>>>>>> code
>>>>>>>>>> 5. moving avr configuration, within configure file, before chris
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v15
>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing IO registers cache from CPU
>>>>>>>>>> 2. implementing CBI/SBI as read(helper_inb), modify,
>>>>>>>>>> write(helper_outb)
>>>>>>>>>> 3. implementing CBIC/SBIC as read(helper_inb), check, branch
>>>>>>>>>> 4. adding missing tcg_temp_free_i32 for tcg_const_i32
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v16
>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing EXT IO registers knoledge from CPU. These registers
>>>>>>>>>> are accessible
>>>>>>>>>>    by LD/ST only. CPU has no interest in them
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v17 (by Richard Henderson)
>>>>>>>>>> This is Michael's v17, with some adjustments of my own:
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> 1. Fix the whitespace errors reported by "git am",
>>>>>>>>>> 2. Replace the utf-8 characters with normal ascii,
>>>>>>>>>> 3. Ditch the separate compilation of translate.c.
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> I retained the two separate files that could be regenerated
>>>>>>>>>> from the included cpugen program, but merged in translate-insn.c.
>>>>>>>>>> Not that it matters, but the code generated is about 3k smaller.
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v18
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  moving target-avr into target/avr
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  do not call cpu_exec_initfn function from avr_cpu_initfn
>>>>>>>>>> 3.  call cpu_exec_realizefn avr_cpu_realizefn
>>>>>>>>>> 4.  do not fail sample machine creation if no rom is suplied
>>>>>>>>>> 5.  add tcg_gen_exit_tb(0) for BS_BRANCH in gen_intermediate_code
>>>>>>>>>> 6.  fix a register getters/setters in machine.c
>>>>>>>>>> 7.  changing QEMU_ARCH_AVR from 1<<17 to 1<<18
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v19
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  use decodetree.py tool to decode instructions
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  adding USART
>>>>>>>>>> 3.  adding 16 bit timer peripherals
>>>>>>>>>> 4.  changing QEMU_ARCH_AVR from 1<<18 to 1<<20
>>>>>>>>>> 5.  renaming tlb_fill to avr_cpu_tlb_fill
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v20
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  use one CPU naming convention
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  merging insn16.decode & insn32.decode files
>>>>>>>>>> 3.  modifying skip next instruction mechanizm
>>>>>>>>>> 4.  translate BREAK as NOP for now
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v21
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  Reorganize bstate.
>>>>>>>>>>     This will make transition to <exec/translator.h> easier, and
>>>>>>>>>> fixes a couple of bugs wrt single stepping
>>>>>>>>>>     by richard.henderson@linaro.org
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  Drop cpc and fix page cross condition.
>>>>>>>>>>     by richard.henderson@linaro.org
>>>>>>>>>> 3.  Refactor checking supported/unsupported instructions
>>>>>>>>>> 4.  Add gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v22
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  Rebase
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  Split long comment
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v23
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  remove avr_cpu_list_compare function
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  modify avr_cpu_class_by_name function
>>>>>>>>>> 3.  modify avr_cpu_list_entry function
>>>>>>>>>> 4.  modify avr_cpu_list function
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v24
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  remove AVR_CPU_TYPE_NAME macro
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v25
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  fix patches. every file belong to one patch only
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  change copyright year from 2016 to 2019
>>>>>>>>>> 3.  create mask device to emulate prr0/prr1
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v26
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  add avocado acceptence test
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  add boot serial test
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v27
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  list atmel2560 devices as unimplemented
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  fix sram base/size
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v28
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  fix includes & build
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v29
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  fixing ownership
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  using 'since' instread of 'added in'
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v30
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v31
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  splitting 'Add instruction translation' commit
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  fixing typo in qapi/machine.json sicne -> since
>>>>>>>>>> 3.  removing unintended changes in configure file
>>>>>>>>>> 4.  adding Richard Henderson as a co developer to 'Add
>>>>>>>>>> instruction translation - CPU main translation funcions' commit
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v32
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  modify cpu_get_sreg to treat sreg C as other flags, except
>>>>>>>>>> sreg Z
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v33
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  ensure flag C is always calculated as one bit
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  calculate flag Z as one bit, without using inverse logic
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v34
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v35
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  use NANOSECONDS_PER_SECOND instead of 1000000000 in
>>>>>>>>>> avr_timer16.c
>>>>>>>>>> 3.  split "target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of
>>>>>>>>>> QEMU" into three patches
>>>>>>>>>>     1.  "target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of QEMU"
>>>>>>>>>>     2.  "target/avr: Update build system"
>>>>>>>>>>     3.  "target/avr: Update MAINTAINERS file"
>>>>>>>>>> 4.  split "target/avr: Add tests" patch into two patches
>>>>>>>>>>     1.  "target/avr: Add Avocado test"
>>>>>>>>>>     2.  "target/avr: Add boot serial test"
>>>>>>>>>> 5.  Add instruction disassembly function
>>>>>>>>>> 6.  change "since 4.2" to "since 5.0"
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> changes since v36
>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>> 2.  tename
>>>>>>>>>>     1.  NO_CPU_REGISTERS    -> NUMBER_OF_CPU_REGISTERS
>>>>>>>>>>     2.  NO_IO_REGISTERS     -> NUMBER_OF_IO_REGISTERS
>>>>>>>>>>     3.  to_A                -> to_regs_16_31_by_one
>>>>>>>>>>     4.  to_B                -> to_regs_16_23_by_one
>>>>>>>>>>     5.  to_C                -> to_regs_24_30_by_two
>>>>>>>>>>     6.  to_D                -> to_regs_00_30_by_two
>>>>>>>>>> 3.  add missing licences
>>>>>>>>>> 4.  add usage example (see above)
>>>>>>>>>> 5.  ass Sarah Harris <S.E.Harris@kent.ac.uk> as a reviewer to
>>>>>>>>>> MAINTAINERS
>>>>>>>>>> 7.  use git commit sha1 instead of `master`` in avocado test
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik (16):
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add outward facing interfaces and core CPU logic
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction helpers
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction decoding
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Registers definition
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Arithmetic and Logic
>>>>>>>>>>     Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Branch Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Bit and Bit-test
>>>>>>>>>>     Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - MCU Control
>>>>>>>>>> Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - CPU main translation
>>>>>>>>>>     function
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction disassembly function
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add example board configuration
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of QEMU
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Update build system
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add boot serial test
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add Avocado test
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Update MAINTAINERS file
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Sarah Harris (1):
>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add limited support for USART and 16 bit timer
>>>>>>>>>> peripherals
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>  configure                        |    7 +
>>>>>>>>>>  default-configs/avr-softmmu.mak  |    5 +
>>>>>>>>>>  qapi/machine.json                |    3 +-
>>>>>>>>>>  include/disas/dis-asm.h          |    6 +
>>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/char/avr_usart.h      |   97 +
>>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/misc/avr_mask.h       |   47 +
>>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/timer/avr_timer16.h   |   97 +
>>>>>>>>>>  include/sysemu/arch_init.h       |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu-param.h           |   37 +
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu-qom.h             |   54 +
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu.h                 |  254 +++
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/helper.h              |   29 +
>>>>>>>>>>  arch_init.c                      |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/sample.c                  |  282 +++
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/avr_usart.c              |  324 ++++
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/avr_mask.c               |  112 ++
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/avr_timer16.c           |  605 ++++++
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu.c                 |  576 ++++++
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/disas.c               |  228 +++
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/gdbstub.c             |   85 +
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/helper.c              |  354 ++++
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/machine.c             |  121 ++
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/translate.c           | 3052
>>>>>>>>>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>>>>>>>>  tests/boot-serial-test.c         |   10 +
>>>>>>>>>>  tests/machine-none-test.c        |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>  MAINTAINERS                      |   11 +
>>>>>>>>>>  gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml              |   49 +
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/Kconfig                       |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/Kconfig                   |    6 +
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/Makefile.objs             |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/Kconfig                  |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/Makefile.objs            |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/Kconfig                  |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/Makefile.objs            |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/Kconfig                 |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/Makefile.objs           |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/Makefile.objs         |   34 +
>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/insn.decode           |  194 ++
>>>>>>>>>>  tests/Makefile.include           |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>  tests/acceptance/machine_avr6.py |   56 +
>>>>>>>>>>  40 files changed, 6756 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 default-configs/avr-softmmu.mak
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/char/avr_usart.h
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/misc/avr_mask.h
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/timer/avr_timer16.h
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu-param.h
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu-qom.h
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu.h
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/helper.h
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/sample.c
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/char/avr_usart.c
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/misc/avr_mask.c
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/timer/avr_timer16.c
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu.c
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/disas.c
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/gdbstub.c
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/helper.c
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/machine.c
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/translate.c
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/Kconfig
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/insn.decode
>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 tests/acceptance/machine_avr6.py
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>>>>> 2.17.2 (Apple Git-113)
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>>> Best Regards,
>>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> --
>>>>> Best Regards,
>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>
>>> --
>>> Best Regards,
>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>
>>

Re: [PATCH v37 00/17] QEMU AVR 8 bit cores

Posted by Aleksandar Markovic 2 days ago
On Tuesday, December 3, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:

>
>
> On Tuesday, December 3, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>
>>
>>
>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>>>
>>>
>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>> how can I get this elf flags from within QEMU?
>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>> In one of files from your "machine" patch, you have this snippet:
>>>
>>> +        bytes_loaded = load_elf(
>>> +            filename, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, EM_NONE,
>>> 0, 0);
>>>
>>> With this line you a kind of "blindly" load whatever you find in the
>>> file "filename". I think you need to modify load_elf() to fetch the
>>> information on what core the elf in question is compiled for. Additionally,
>>> you most likely have to check if the elf file is compiled for AVR at all.
>>>
>>> I don't know enough about AVR-specifics of ELF format, but I know that
>>> we in MIPS read successfuly some MIPS-specific things we need to know. Do
>>> some research for ELF format headrr content for AVR.
>>>
>>> This is really missing in your series, seriously.
>>>
>>> Please keep in mind that I don't have right now at hand any dev system,
>>> so all I said here is off of my head.
>>>
>>> You have to do some code digging.
>>>
>>>
>> First, you need to update
>>
>> https://github.com/qemu/qemu/blob/master/include/elf.h
>>
>> with bits and pieces for AVR.
>>
>> In binutils file:
>>
>> https://github.com/bminor/binutils-gdb/blob/master/include/elf/common.h
>>
>> you will spot the line:
>>
>> #define EM_AVR 83 /* Atmel AVR 8-bit microcontroller */
>>
>> that is the value of e_machine field for AVR, which you need to insert in
>> qemu's include/elf.h about at line 162.
>>
>> Then, in another binutils file:
>>
>> https://github.com/bminor/binutils-gdb/blob/master/include/elf/avr.h
>>
>> you find the lines:
>>
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR1 1
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR2 2
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR25 25
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR3 3
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR31 31
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR35 35
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR4 4
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR5 5
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR51 51
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR6 6
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY 100
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1 101
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2 102
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3 103
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4 104
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5 105
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6 106
>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7 107
>>
>> That you also need to insert in qemu's include/elf.h, probably at the end
>> of tge foke or elsewhere.
>>
>> Perhaps something more you need to insert into that file, you'll see.
>>
>> Than, you need to modify the file where load_elf() resides with AVR
>> support, take a look at other architectures' support, and adjust to what
>> you need.
>>
>> I know it will be contrieved at times, but, personally, similar ELF
>> support must be done for any upcoming platform. Only if there is some
>> unsourmantable obstacle, that support can be omitted.
>>
>> I am on vacation next 10 days.
>>
>>
> In the source of readelf utility:
>
>
> static void
> decode_AVR_machine_flags (unsigned e_flags, char buf[], size_t size)
> {
>   --size; /* Leave space for null terminator.  */
>
>   switch (e_flags & EF_AVR_MACH)
>     {
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR1:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:1", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR2:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:2", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR25:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:25", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR3:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:3", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR31:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:31", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR35:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:35", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR4:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:4", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR5:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:5", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR51:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:51", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR6:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:6", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:100", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:101", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:102", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:103", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:104", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:105", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:106", size);
>       break;
>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:107", size);
>       break;
>     default:
>       strncat (buf, ", avr:<unknown>", size);
>       break;
>     }
>
>
> So, it looks, for 8-bit AVR, e_machine must be 83 (EM_AVR), while e_flags
> is one of E_AVR_MACH_XXX constants. You just need to store somewhere
> E_AVR_MACH_XXX that you read from given ELF file, and compare it with core
> specified by "-cpu" command line option.
>
>
Looking further into the code, it looks that load_elf() that you use to
load given AVR elf file is simply not suitable for reading info you wanr.
That is because that function is used for loading kernels for other
platforms, and AVR case is quite different you load an executable.

You may want to write your own version of load_elf(), called let's say
load_elf_avr() (but place it in AVR-specific location), that will load elf,
but aso read e_machine and e_flags fields that you will later pass to
appropriate logic, compare with "-cpu" given core, and decide further what
to do.

Please take all my advices with reservation, I am writing without a
computer dev system.

I am off on vacation!

Take care!

Aleksandar


>
>> Yours,
>> Aleksandar
>>
>> .
>>
>>> Best regards, Aleksandar
>>>
>>>
>>>> On Mon, Dec 2, 2019 at 4:01 PM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>> No, I don't.
>>>>>> but I also can load and execute a binary file which does not have
>>>>>> this information.
>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>> OK. Let's think about that for a while. I currently think you have
>>>>> here an opportunity to add a really clean interface from the outset of AVR
>>>>> support in QEMU (that even some established platforms don't have in full),
>>>>> which is, trust me, very important for future. And it not that difficult to
>>>>> implement at all. But let's both think for a while.
>>>>>
>>>>> Best regards,
>>>>> Aleksandar
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>> On Mon, Dec 2, 2019 at 11:59 AM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Saturday, November 30, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com>
>>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> There is *-cpu *option where you can specify what CPU you want,
>>>>>>>>> if this option is not specified avr6 (avr6-avr-cpu) is chosen.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> *./avr-softmmu/qemu-system-avr -cpu help*
>>>>>>>>> avr1-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> avr2-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> avr25-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> avr3-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> avr31-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> avr35-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> avr4-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> avr5-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> avr51-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> avr6-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> xmega2-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> xmega4-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> xmega5-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> xmega6-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>> xmega7-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> What happens if you specify a core via -cpu, and supply elf file
>>>>>>>> compiled for another core?
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> It looks there is some related info written in ELF header. This is
>>>>>>> from a binutils header:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> (so it looks you could detect the core from elf file - do you do
>>>>>>> that detection right now?)
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR1     1
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR2     2
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR25   25
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR3     3
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR31   31
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR35   35
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR4     4
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR5     5
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR51   51
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR6     6
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY 100
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1  101
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2  102
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3  103
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4  104
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5  105
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6  106
>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7  107
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Best regards,
>>>>>>>> Akeksandar
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Regards,
>>>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On Sat, Nov 30, 2019 at 1:28 PM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> On Wednesday, November 27, 2019, Michael Rolnik <
>>>>>>>>>> mrolnik@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> This series of patches adds 8bit AVR cores to QEMU.
>>>>>>>>>>> All instruction, except BREAK/DES/SPM/SPMX, are implemented. Not
>>>>>>>>>>> fully tested yet.
>>>>>>>>>>> However I was able to execute simple code with functions. e.g
>>>>>>>>>>> fibonacci calculation.
>>>>>>>>>>> This series of patches include a non real, sample board.
>>>>>>>>>>> No fuses support yet. PC is set to 0 at reset.
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> Following are examples of possible usages, assuming program.elf
>>>>>>>>>>> is compiled for AVR cpu
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  Continious non interrupted execution
>>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf`
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  Continious non interrupted execution with serial output into
>>>>>>>>>>> telnet window
>>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -serial
>>>>>>>>>>> tcp::5678,server,nowait -nographic `
>>>>>>>>>>>     run `telent localhost 5678`
>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  Continious non interrupted execution with serial output into
>>>>>>>>>>> stdout
>>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -serial stdio`
>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  Debugging wit GDB debugger
>>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -s -S`
>>>>>>>>>>>     run `avr-gdb program.elf` and then within GDB shell `target
>>>>>>>>>>> remote :1234`
>>>>>>>>>>> 5.  Print out executed instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -d in_asm`
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Hi, Michael.
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Can you explain to me the mechanisms of recognition of what
>>>>>>>>>> core/microcontroller QEMU is supposed to emulate in the examples above?
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Yours, Aleksandar
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> the patches include the following
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. just a basic 8bit AVR CPU, without instruction decoding or
>>>>>>>>>>> translation
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. CPU features which allow define the following 8bit AVR cores
>>>>>>>>>>>      avr1
>>>>>>>>>>>      avr2 avr25
>>>>>>>>>>>      avr3 avr31 avr35
>>>>>>>>>>>      avr4
>>>>>>>>>>>      avr5 avr51
>>>>>>>>>>>      avr6
>>>>>>>>>>>      xmega2 xmega4 xmega5 xmega6 xmega7
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. a definition of sample machine with SRAM, FLASH and CPU which
>>>>>>>>>>> allows to execute simple code
>>>>>>>>>>> 4. encoding for all AVR instructions
>>>>>>>>>>> 5. interrupt handling
>>>>>>>>>>> 6. helpers for IN, OUT, SLEEP, WBR & unsupported instructions
>>>>>>>>>>> 7. a decoder which given an opcode decides what istruction it is
>>>>>>>>>>> 8. translation of AVR instruction into TCG
>>>>>>>>>>> 9. all features together
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v3
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. rampD/X/Y/Z registers are encoded as 0x00ff0000 (instead of
>>>>>>>>>>> 0x000000ff) for faster address manipulaton
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. ffs changed to ctz32
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. duplicate code removed at avr_cpu_do_interrupt
>>>>>>>>>>> 4. using andc instead of not + and
>>>>>>>>>>> 5. fixing V flag calculation in varios instructions
>>>>>>>>>>> 6. freeing local variables in PUSH
>>>>>>>>>>> 7. tcg_const_local_i32 -> tcg_const_i32
>>>>>>>>>>> 8. using sextract32 instead of my implementation
>>>>>>>>>>> 9. fixing BLD instruction
>>>>>>>>>>> 10.xor(r) instead of 0xff - r at COM
>>>>>>>>>>> 11.fixing MULS/MULSU not to modify inputs' content
>>>>>>>>>>> 12.using SUB for NEG
>>>>>>>>>>> 13.fixing tcg_gen_qemu_ld/st call in XCH
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v4
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. target is now defined as big endian in order to optimize
>>>>>>>>>>> push_ret/pop_ret
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. all style warnings are fixed
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. adding cpu_set/get_sreg functions
>>>>>>>>>>> 4. simplifying gen_goto_tb as there is no real paging
>>>>>>>>>>> 5. env->pc -> env->pc_w
>>>>>>>>>>> 6. making flag dump more compact
>>>>>>>>>>> 7. more spacing
>>>>>>>>>>> 8. renaming CODE/DATA_INDEX -> MMU_CODE/DATA_IDX
>>>>>>>>>>> 9. removing avr_set_feature
>>>>>>>>>>> 10. SPL/SPH set bug fix
>>>>>>>>>>> 11. switching stb_phys to cpu_stb_data
>>>>>>>>>>> 12. cleaning up avr_decode
>>>>>>>>>>> 13. saving sreg, rampD/X/Y/Z, eind in HW format (savevm)
>>>>>>>>>>> 14. saving CPU features (savevm)
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v5
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. BLD bug fix
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. decoder generator is added
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> chages since v6
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. using cpu_get_sreg/cpu_set_sreg in
>>>>>>>>>>> avr_cpu_gdb_read_register/avr_cpu_gdb_write_register
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. configure the target as little endian because otherwise GDB
>>>>>>>>>>> does not work
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. fixing and testing gen_push_ret/gen_pop_ret
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v7
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. folding back v6
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. logging at helper_outb and helper_inb are done for non
>>>>>>>>>>> supported yet registers only
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. MAINTAINERS updated
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v8
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing hw/avr from hw/Makefile.obj as it should not be
>>>>>>>>>>> built for all
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. making linux compilable
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. testing on
>>>>>>>>>>>     a. Mac, Apple LLVM version 7.0.0
>>>>>>>>>>>     b. Ubuntu 12.04, gcc 4.9.2
>>>>>>>>>>>     c. Fedora 23, gcc 5.3.1
>>>>>>>>>>> 4. folding back some patches
>>>>>>>>>>> 5. translation bug fixes for ORI, CPI, XOR instructions
>>>>>>>>>>> 6. propper handling of cpu register writes though memory
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v9
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing forward declarations of static functions
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. disabling debug prints
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. switching to case range instead of if else if ...
>>>>>>>>>>> 4. LD/ST IN/OUT accessing CPU maintainder registers are not
>>>>>>>>>>> routed to any device
>>>>>>>>>>> 5. commenst about sample board and sample IO device added
>>>>>>>>>>> 6. sample board description is more descriptive now
>>>>>>>>>>> 7. memory_region_allocate_system_memory is used to create RAM
>>>>>>>>>>> 8. now there are helper_fullrd & helper_fullwr when LD/ST try to
>>>>>>>>>>> access registers
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v10
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. movig back fullwr & fullrd into the commit where outb and inb
>>>>>>>>>>> were introduced
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. changing tlb_fill function signature
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. adding empty line between functions
>>>>>>>>>>> 4. adding newline on the last line of the file
>>>>>>>>>>> 5. using tb->flags to generae full access ST/LD instructions
>>>>>>>>>>> 6. fixing SBRC bug
>>>>>>>>>>> 7. folding back 10th commit
>>>>>>>>>>> 8. whenever a new file is introduced it's added to Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v11
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. updating to v2.7.0-rc
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. removing assignment to env->fullacc from gen_intermediate_code
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v12
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. fixing spacing
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. fixing get/put_segment functions
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. removing target-avr/machine.h file
>>>>>>>>>>> 4. VMSTATE_SINGLE_TEST -> VMSTATE_SINGLE
>>>>>>>>>>> 5. comment spelling
>>>>>>>>>>> 6. removing hw/avr/sample_io.c
>>>>>>>>>>> 7. char const* -> const char*
>>>>>>>>>>> 8. proper ram allocation
>>>>>>>>>>> 9. fixing breakpoint functionality.
>>>>>>>>>>> 10.env1 -> env
>>>>>>>>>>> 11.fixing avr_cpu_gdb_write_register & avr_cpu_gdb_read_register
>>>>>>>>>>> functions
>>>>>>>>>>> 12.any cpu is removed
>>>>>>>>>>> 12.feature bits are not saved into vm state
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v13
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. rebasing to v2.7.0-rc1
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v14
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. I made self review with git gui tool. (I did not know such a
>>>>>>>>>>> thing exists)
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. removing all double/tripple spaces
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. removing comment reference to SampleIO
>>>>>>>>>>> 4. folding back some changes, so there is not deleted lines in
>>>>>>>>>>> my code
>>>>>>>>>>> 5. moving avr configuration, within configure file, before chris
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v15
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing IO registers cache from CPU
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. implementing CBI/SBI as read(helper_inb), modify,
>>>>>>>>>>> write(helper_outb)
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. implementing CBIC/SBIC as read(helper_inb), check, branch
>>>>>>>>>>> 4. adding missing tcg_temp_free_i32 for tcg_const_i32
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v16
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing EXT IO registers knoledge from CPU. These registers
>>>>>>>>>>> are accessible
>>>>>>>>>>>    by LD/ST only. CPU has no interest in them
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v17 (by Richard Henderson)
>>>>>>>>>>> This is Michael's v17, with some adjustments of my own:
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> 1. Fix the whitespace errors reported by "git am",
>>>>>>>>>>> 2. Replace the utf-8 characters with normal ascii,
>>>>>>>>>>> 3. Ditch the separate compilation of translate.c.
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> I retained the two separate files that could be regenerated
>>>>>>>>>>> from the included cpugen program, but merged in translate-insn.c.
>>>>>>>>>>> Not that it matters, but the code generated is about 3k smaller.
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v18
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  moving target-avr into target/avr
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  do not call cpu_exec_initfn function from avr_cpu_initfn
>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  call cpu_exec_realizefn avr_cpu_realizefn
>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  do not fail sample machine creation if no rom is suplied
>>>>>>>>>>> 5.  add tcg_gen_exit_tb(0) for BS_BRANCH in gen_intermediate_code
>>>>>>>>>>> 6.  fix a register getters/setters in machine.c
>>>>>>>>>>> 7.  changing QEMU_ARCH_AVR from 1<<17 to 1<<18
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v19
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  use decodetree.py tool to decode instructions
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  adding USART
>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  adding 16 bit timer peripherals
>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  changing QEMU_ARCH_AVR from 1<<18 to 1<<20
>>>>>>>>>>> 5.  renaming tlb_fill to avr_cpu_tlb_fill
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v20
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  use one CPU naming convention
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  merging insn16.decode & insn32.decode files
>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  modifying skip next instruction mechanizm
>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  translate BREAK as NOP for now
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v21
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  Reorganize bstate.
>>>>>>>>>>>     This will make transition to <exec/translator.h> easier, and
>>>>>>>>>>> fixes a couple of bugs wrt single stepping
>>>>>>>>>>>     by richard.henderson@linaro.org
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  Drop cpc and fix page cross condition.
>>>>>>>>>>>     by richard.henderson@linaro.org
>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  Refactor checking supported/unsupported instructions
>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  Add gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v22
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  Rebase
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  Split long comment
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v23
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  remove avr_cpu_list_compare function
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  modify avr_cpu_class_by_name function
>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  modify avr_cpu_list_entry function
>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  modify avr_cpu_list function
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v24
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  remove AVR_CPU_TYPE_NAME macro
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v25
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  fix patches. every file belong to one patch only
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  change copyright year from 2016 to 2019
>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  create mask device to emulate prr0/prr1
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v26
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  add avocado acceptence test
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  add boot serial test
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v27
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  list atmel2560 devices as unimplemented
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  fix sram base/size
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v28
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  fix includes & build
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v29
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  fixing ownership
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  using 'since' instread of 'added in'
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v30
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v31
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  splitting 'Add instruction translation' commit
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  fixing typo in qapi/machine.json sicne -> since
>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  removing unintended changes in configure file
>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  adding Richard Henderson as a co developer to 'Add
>>>>>>>>>>> instruction translation - CPU main translation funcions' commit
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v32
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  modify cpu_get_sreg to treat sreg C as other flags, except
>>>>>>>>>>> sreg Z
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v33
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  ensure flag C is always calculated as one bit
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  calculate flag Z as one bit, without using inverse logic
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v34
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v35
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  use NANOSECONDS_PER_SECOND instead of 1000000000 in
>>>>>>>>>>> avr_timer16.c
>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  split "target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of
>>>>>>>>>>> QEMU" into three patches
>>>>>>>>>>>     1.  "target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of QEMU"
>>>>>>>>>>>     2.  "target/avr: Update build system"
>>>>>>>>>>>     3.  "target/avr: Update MAINTAINERS file"
>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  split "target/avr: Add tests" patch into two patches
>>>>>>>>>>>     1.  "target/avr: Add Avocado test"
>>>>>>>>>>>     2.  "target/avr: Add boot serial test"
>>>>>>>>>>> 5.  Add instruction disassembly function
>>>>>>>>>>> 6.  change "since 4.2" to "since 5.0"
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v36
>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  tename
>>>>>>>>>>>     1.  NO_CPU_REGISTERS    -> NUMBER_OF_CPU_REGISTERS
>>>>>>>>>>>     2.  NO_IO_REGISTERS     -> NUMBER_OF_IO_REGISTERS
>>>>>>>>>>>     3.  to_A                -> to_regs_16_31_by_one
>>>>>>>>>>>     4.  to_B                -> to_regs_16_23_by_one
>>>>>>>>>>>     5.  to_C                -> to_regs_24_30_by_two
>>>>>>>>>>>     6.  to_D                -> to_regs_00_30_by_two
>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  add missing licences
>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  add usage example (see above)
>>>>>>>>>>> 5.  ass Sarah Harris <S.E.Harris@kent.ac.uk> as a reviewer to
>>>>>>>>>>> MAINTAINERS
>>>>>>>>>>> 7.  use git commit sha1 instead of `master`` in avocado test
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik (16):
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add outward facing interfaces and core CPU logic
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction helpers
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction decoding
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Registers definition
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Arithmetic and Logic
>>>>>>>>>>>     Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Branch Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Bit and Bit-test
>>>>>>>>>>>     Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - MCU Control
>>>>>>>>>>> Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - CPU main translation
>>>>>>>>>>>     function
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction disassembly function
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add example board configuration
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of QEMU
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Update build system
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add boot serial test
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add Avocado test
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Update MAINTAINERS file
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> Sarah Harris (1):
>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add limited support for USART and 16 bit timer
>>>>>>>>>>> peripherals
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>  configure                        |    7 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  default-configs/avr-softmmu.mak  |    5 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  qapi/machine.json                |    3 +-
>>>>>>>>>>>  include/disas/dis-asm.h          |    6 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/char/avr_usart.h      |   97 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/misc/avr_mask.h       |   47 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/timer/avr_timer16.h   |   97 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  include/sysemu/arch_init.h       |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu-param.h           |   37 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu-qom.h             |   54 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu.h                 |  254 +++
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/helper.h              |   29 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  arch_init.c                      |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/sample.c                  |  282 +++
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/avr_usart.c              |  324 ++++
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/avr_mask.c               |  112 ++
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/avr_timer16.c           |  605 ++++++
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu.c                 |  576 ++++++
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/disas.c               |  228 +++
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/gdbstub.c             |   85 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/helper.c              |  354 ++++
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/machine.c             |  121 ++
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/translate.c           | 3052
>>>>>>>>>>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>>>>>>>>>  tests/boot-serial-test.c         |   10 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  tests/machine-none-test.c        |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  MAINTAINERS                      |   11 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml              |   49 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/Kconfig                       |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/Kconfig                   |    6 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/Makefile.objs             |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/Kconfig                  |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/Makefile.objs            |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/Kconfig                  |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/Makefile.objs            |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/Kconfig                 |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/Makefile.objs           |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/Makefile.objs         |   34 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/insn.decode           |  194 ++
>>>>>>>>>>>  tests/Makefile.include           |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  tests/acceptance/machine_avr6.py |   56 +
>>>>>>>>>>>  40 files changed, 6756 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 default-configs/avr-softmmu.mak
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/char/avr_usart.h
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/misc/avr_mask.h
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/timer/avr_timer16.h
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu-param.h
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu-qom.h
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu.h
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/helper.h
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/sample.c
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/char/avr_usart.c
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/misc/avr_mask.c
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/timer/avr_timer16.c
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu.c
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/disas.c
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/gdbstub.c
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/helper.c
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/machine.c
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/translate.c
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/Kconfig
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/insn.decode
>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 tests/acceptance/machine_avr6.py
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>>>>>> 2.17.2 (Apple Git-113)
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>>>> Best Regards,
>>>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> --
>>>>>> Best Regards,
>>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>> --
>>>> Best Regards,
>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>
>>>

Re: [PATCH v37 00/17] QEMU AVR 8 bit cores

Posted by Michael Rolnik 2 days ago
Aleksandar.

enjoy your vacation.

Regards,
Michael Rolnik

On Tue, Dec 3, 2019 at 3:48 AM Aleksandar Markovic <
aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:

>
>
> On Tuesday, December 3, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>
>>
>>
>> On Tuesday, December 3, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>>>
>>>
>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>>> how can I get this elf flags from within QEMU?
>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>> In one of files from your "machine" patch, you have this snippet:
>>>>
>>>> +        bytes_loaded = load_elf(
>>>> +            filename, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, EM_NONE,
>>>> 0, 0);
>>>>
>>>> With this line you a kind of "blindly" load whatever you find in the
>>>> file "filename". I think you need to modify load_elf() to fetch the
>>>> information on what core the elf in question is compiled for. Additionally,
>>>> you most likely have to check if the elf file is compiled for AVR at all.
>>>>
>>>> I don't know enough about AVR-specifics of ELF format, but I know that
>>>> we in MIPS read successfuly some MIPS-specific things we need to know. Do
>>>> some research for ELF format headrr content for AVR.
>>>>
>>>> This is really missing in your series, seriously.
>>>>
>>>> Please keep in mind that I don't have right now at hand any dev system,
>>>> so all I said here is off of my head.
>>>>
>>>> You have to do some code digging.
>>>>
>>>>
>>> First, you need to update
>>>
>>> https://github.com/qemu/qemu/blob/master/include/elf.h
>>>
>>> with bits and pieces for AVR.
>>>
>>> In binutils file:
>>>
>>> https://github.com/bminor/binutils-gdb/blob/master/include/elf/common.h
>>>
>>> you will spot the line:
>>>
>>> #define EM_AVR 83 /* Atmel AVR 8-bit microcontroller */
>>>
>>> that is the value of e_machine field for AVR, which you need to insert
>>> in qemu's include/elf.h about at line 162.
>>>
>>> Then, in another binutils file:
>>>
>>> https://github.com/bminor/binutils-gdb/blob/master/include/elf/avr.h
>>>
>>> you find the lines:
>>>
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR1 1
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR2 2
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR25 25
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR3 3
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR31 31
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR35 35
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR4 4
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR5 5
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR51 51
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR6 6
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY 100
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1 101
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2 102
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3 103
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4 104
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5 105
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6 106
>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7 107
>>>
>>> That you also need to insert in qemu's include/elf.h, probably at the
>>> end of tge foke or elsewhere.
>>>
>>> Perhaps something more you need to insert into that file, you'll see.
>>>
>>> Than, you need to modify the file where load_elf() resides with AVR
>>> support, take a look at other architectures' support, and adjust to what
>>> you need.
>>>
>>> I know it will be contrieved at times, but, personally, similar ELF
>>> support must be done for any upcoming platform. Only if there is some
>>> unsourmantable obstacle, that support can be omitted.
>>>
>>> I am on vacation next 10 days.
>>>
>>>
>> In the source of readelf utility:
>>
>>
>> static void
>> decode_AVR_machine_flags (unsigned e_flags, char buf[], size_t size)
>> {
>>   --size; /* Leave space for null terminator.  */
>>
>>   switch (e_flags & EF_AVR_MACH)
>>     {
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR1:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:1", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR2:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:2", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR25:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:25", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR3:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:3", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR31:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:31", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR35:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:35", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR4:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:4", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR5:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:5", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR51:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:51", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVR6:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:6", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:100", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:101", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:102", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:103", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:104", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:105", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:106", size);
>>       break;
>>     case E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:107", size);
>>       break;
>>     default:
>>       strncat (buf, ", avr:<unknown>", size);
>>       break;
>>     }
>>
>>
>> So, it looks, for 8-bit AVR, e_machine must be 83 (EM_AVR), while e_flags
>> is one of E_AVR_MACH_XXX constants. You just need to store somewhere
>> E_AVR_MACH_XXX that you read from given ELF file, and compare it with core
>> specified by "-cpu" command line option.
>>
>>
> Looking further into the code, it looks that load_elf() that you use to
> load given AVR elf file is simply not suitable for reading info you wanr.
> That is because that function is used for loading kernels for other
> platforms, and AVR case is quite different you load an executable.
>
> You may want to write your own version of load_elf(), called let's say
> load_elf_avr() (but place it in AVR-specific location), that will load elf,
> but aso read e_machine and e_flags fields that you will later pass to
> appropriate logic, compare with "-cpu" given core, and decide further what
> to do.
>
> Please take all my advices with reservation, I am writing without a
> computer dev system.
>
> I am off on vacation!
>
> Take care!
>
> Aleksandar
>
>
>>
>>> Yours,
>>> Aleksandar
>>>
>>> .
>>>
>>>> Best regards, Aleksandar
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>> On Mon, Dec 2, 2019 at 4:01 PM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com>
>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>
>>>>>>> No, I don't.
>>>>>>> but I also can load and execute a binary file which does not have
>>>>>>> this information.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>> OK. Let's think about that for a while. I currently think you have
>>>>>> here an opportunity to add a really clean interface from the outset of AVR
>>>>>> support in QEMU (that even some established platforms don't have in full),
>>>>>> which is, trust me, very important for future. And it not that difficult to
>>>>>> implement at all. But let's both think for a while.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Best regards,
>>>>>> Aleksandar
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On Mon, Dec 2, 2019 at 11:59 AM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On Monday, December 2, 2019, Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On Saturday, November 30, 2019, Michael Rolnik <mrolnik@gmail.com>
>>>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> There is *-cpu *option where you can specify what CPU you want,
>>>>>>>>>> if this option is not specified avr6 (avr6-avr-cpu) is chosen.
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> *./avr-softmmu/qemu-system-avr -cpu help*
>>>>>>>>>> avr1-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> avr2-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> avr25-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> avr3-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> avr31-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> avr35-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> avr4-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> avr5-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> avr51-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> avr6-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> xmega2-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> xmega4-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> xmega5-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> xmega6-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>> xmega7-avr-cpu
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> What happens if you specify a core via -cpu, and supply elf file
>>>>>>>>> compiled for another core?
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> It looks there is some related info written in ELF header. This is
>>>>>>>> from a binutils header:
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> (so it looks you could detect the core from elf file - do you do
>>>>>>>> that detection right now?)
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR1     1
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR2     2
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR25   25
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR3     3
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR31   31
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR35   35
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR4     4
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR5     5
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR51   51
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVR6     6
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_AVRTINY 100
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA1  101
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA2  102
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA3  103
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA4  104
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA5  105
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA6  106
>>>>>>>> #define E_AVR_MACH_XMEGA7  107
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Best regards,
>>>>>>>>> Akeksandar
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Regards,
>>>>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> On Sat, Nov 30, 2019 at 1:28 PM Aleksandar Markovic <
>>>>>>>>>> aleksandar.m.mail@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> On Wednesday, November 27, 2019, Michael Rolnik <
>>>>>>>>>>> mrolnik@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> This series of patches adds 8bit AVR cores to QEMU.
>>>>>>>>>>>> All instruction, except BREAK/DES/SPM/SPMX, are implemented.
>>>>>>>>>>>> Not fully tested yet.
>>>>>>>>>>>> However I was able to execute simple code with functions. e.g
>>>>>>>>>>>> fibonacci calculation.
>>>>>>>>>>>> This series of patches include a non real, sample board.
>>>>>>>>>>>> No fuses support yet. PC is set to 0 at reset.
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> Following are examples of possible usages, assuming program.elf
>>>>>>>>>>>> is compiled for AVR cpu
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  Continious non interrupted execution
>>>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf`
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  Continious non interrupted execution with serial output
>>>>>>>>>>>> into telnet window
>>>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -serial
>>>>>>>>>>>> tcp::5678,server,nowait -nographic `
>>>>>>>>>>>>     run `telent localhost 5678`
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  Continious non interrupted execution with serial output
>>>>>>>>>>>> into stdout
>>>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -serial stdio`
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  Debugging wit GDB debugger
>>>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -s -S`
>>>>>>>>>>>>     run `avr-gdb program.elf` and then within GDB shell `target
>>>>>>>>>>>> remote :1234`
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5.  Print out executed instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>>     run `qemu-system-avr -kernel program.elf -d in_asm`
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> Hi, Michael.
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> Can you explain to me the mechanisms of recognition of what
>>>>>>>>>>> core/microcontroller QEMU is supposed to emulate in the examples above?
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> Yours, Aleksandar
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> the patches include the following
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. just a basic 8bit AVR CPU, without instruction decoding or
>>>>>>>>>>>> translation
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. CPU features which allow define the following 8bit AVR cores
>>>>>>>>>>>>      avr1
>>>>>>>>>>>>      avr2 avr25
>>>>>>>>>>>>      avr3 avr31 avr35
>>>>>>>>>>>>      avr4
>>>>>>>>>>>>      avr5 avr51
>>>>>>>>>>>>      avr6
>>>>>>>>>>>>      xmega2 xmega4 xmega5 xmega6 xmega7
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. a definition of sample machine with SRAM, FLASH and CPU
>>>>>>>>>>>> which allows to execute simple code
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. encoding for all AVR instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5. interrupt handling
>>>>>>>>>>>> 6. helpers for IN, OUT, SLEEP, WBR & unsupported instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 7. a decoder which given an opcode decides what istruction it is
>>>>>>>>>>>> 8. translation of AVR instruction into TCG
>>>>>>>>>>>> 9. all features together
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v3
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. rampD/X/Y/Z registers are encoded as 0x00ff0000 (instead of
>>>>>>>>>>>> 0x000000ff) for faster address manipulaton
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. ffs changed to ctz32
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. duplicate code removed at avr_cpu_do_interrupt
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. using andc instead of not + and
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5. fixing V flag calculation in varios instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 6. freeing local variables in PUSH
>>>>>>>>>>>> 7. tcg_const_local_i32 -> tcg_const_i32
>>>>>>>>>>>> 8. using sextract32 instead of my implementation
>>>>>>>>>>>> 9. fixing BLD instruction
>>>>>>>>>>>> 10.xor(r) instead of 0xff - r at COM
>>>>>>>>>>>> 11.fixing MULS/MULSU not to modify inputs' content
>>>>>>>>>>>> 12.using SUB for NEG
>>>>>>>>>>>> 13.fixing tcg_gen_qemu_ld/st call in XCH
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v4
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. target is now defined as big endian in order to optimize
>>>>>>>>>>>> push_ret/pop_ret
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. all style warnings are fixed
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. adding cpu_set/get_sreg functions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. simplifying gen_goto_tb as there is no real paging
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5. env->pc -> env->pc_w
>>>>>>>>>>>> 6. making flag dump more compact
>>>>>>>>>>>> 7. more spacing
>>>>>>>>>>>> 8. renaming CODE/DATA_INDEX -> MMU_CODE/DATA_IDX
>>>>>>>>>>>> 9. removing avr_set_feature
>>>>>>>>>>>> 10. SPL/SPH set bug fix
>>>>>>>>>>>> 11. switching stb_phys to cpu_stb_data
>>>>>>>>>>>> 12. cleaning up avr_decode
>>>>>>>>>>>> 13. saving sreg, rampD/X/Y/Z, eind in HW format (savevm)
>>>>>>>>>>>> 14. saving CPU features (savevm)
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v5
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. BLD bug fix
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. decoder generator is added
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> chages since v6
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. using cpu_get_sreg/cpu_set_sreg in
>>>>>>>>>>>> avr_cpu_gdb_read_register/avr_cpu_gdb_write_register
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. configure the target as little endian because otherwise GDB
>>>>>>>>>>>> does not work
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. fixing and testing gen_push_ret/gen_pop_ret
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v7
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. folding back v6
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. logging at helper_outb and helper_inb are done for non
>>>>>>>>>>>> supported yet registers only
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. MAINTAINERS updated
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v8
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing hw/avr from hw/Makefile.obj as it should not be
>>>>>>>>>>>> built for all
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. making linux compilable
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. testing on
>>>>>>>>>>>>     a. Mac, Apple LLVM version 7.0.0
>>>>>>>>>>>>     b. Ubuntu 12.04, gcc 4.9.2
>>>>>>>>>>>>     c. Fedora 23, gcc 5.3.1
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. folding back some patches
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5. translation bug fixes for ORI, CPI, XOR instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 6. propper handling of cpu register writes though memory
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v9
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing forward declarations of static functions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. disabling debug prints
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. switching to case range instead of if else if ...
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. LD/ST IN/OUT accessing CPU maintainder registers are not
>>>>>>>>>>>> routed to any device
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5. commenst about sample board and sample IO device added
>>>>>>>>>>>> 6. sample board description is more descriptive now
>>>>>>>>>>>> 7. memory_region_allocate_system_memory is used to create RAM
>>>>>>>>>>>> 8. now there are helper_fullrd & helper_fullwr when LD/ST try
>>>>>>>>>>>> to access registers
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v10
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. movig back fullwr & fullrd into the commit where outb and
>>>>>>>>>>>> inb were introduced
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. changing tlb_fill function signature
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. adding empty line between functions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. adding newline on the last line of the file
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5. using tb->flags to generae full access ST/LD instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 6. fixing SBRC bug
>>>>>>>>>>>> 7. folding back 10th commit
>>>>>>>>>>>> 8. whenever a new file is introduced it's added to Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v11
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. updating to v2.7.0-rc
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. removing assignment to env->fullacc from
>>>>>>>>>>>> gen_intermediate_code
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v12
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. fixing spacing
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. fixing get/put_segment functions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. removing target-avr/machine.h file
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. VMSTATE_SINGLE_TEST -> VMSTATE_SINGLE
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5. comment spelling
>>>>>>>>>>>> 6. removing hw/avr/sample_io.c
>>>>>>>>>>>> 7. char const* -> const char*
>>>>>>>>>>>> 8. proper ram allocation
>>>>>>>>>>>> 9. fixing breakpoint functionality.
>>>>>>>>>>>> 10.env1 -> env
>>>>>>>>>>>> 11.fixing avr_cpu_gdb_write_register &
>>>>>>>>>>>> avr_cpu_gdb_read_register functions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 12.any cpu is removed
>>>>>>>>>>>> 12.feature bits are not saved into vm state
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v13
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. rebasing to v2.7.0-rc1
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v14
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. I made self review with git gui tool. (I did not know such a
>>>>>>>>>>>> thing exists)
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. removing all double/tripple spaces
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. removing comment reference to SampleIO
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. folding back some changes, so there is not deleted lines in
>>>>>>>>>>>> my code
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5. moving avr configuration, within configure file, before chris
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v15
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing IO registers cache from CPU
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. implementing CBI/SBI as read(helper_inb), modify,
>>>>>>>>>>>> write(helper_outb)
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. implementing CBIC/SBIC as read(helper_inb), check, branch
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4. adding missing tcg_temp_free_i32 for tcg_const_i32
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v16
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. removing EXT IO registers knoledge from CPU. These registers
>>>>>>>>>>>> are accessible
>>>>>>>>>>>>    by LD/ST only. CPU has no interest in them
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v17 (by Richard Henderson)
>>>>>>>>>>>> This is Michael's v17, with some adjustments of my own:
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1. Fix the whitespace errors reported by "git am",
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2. Replace the utf-8 characters with normal ascii,
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3. Ditch the separate compilation of translate.c.
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> I retained the two separate files that could be regenerated
>>>>>>>>>>>> from the included cpugen program, but merged in
>>>>>>>>>>>> translate-insn.c.
>>>>>>>>>>>> Not that it matters, but the code generated is about 3k smaller.
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v18
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  moving target-avr into target/avr
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  do not call cpu_exec_initfn function from avr_cpu_initfn
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  call cpu_exec_realizefn avr_cpu_realizefn
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  do not fail sample machine creation if no rom is suplied
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5.  add tcg_gen_exit_tb(0) for BS_BRANCH in
>>>>>>>>>>>> gen_intermediate_code
>>>>>>>>>>>> 6.  fix a register getters/setters in machine.c
>>>>>>>>>>>> 7.  changing QEMU_ARCH_AVR from 1<<17 to 1<<18
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v19
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  use decodetree.py tool to decode instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  adding USART
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  adding 16 bit timer peripherals
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  changing QEMU_ARCH_AVR from 1<<18 to 1<<20
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5.  renaming tlb_fill to avr_cpu_tlb_fill
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v20
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  use one CPU naming convention
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  merging insn16.decode & insn32.decode files
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  modifying skip next instruction mechanizm
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  translate BREAK as NOP for now
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v21
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  Reorganize bstate.
>>>>>>>>>>>>     This will make transition to <exec/translator.h> easier,
>>>>>>>>>>>> and fixes a couple of bugs wrt single stepping
>>>>>>>>>>>>     by richard.henderson@linaro.org
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  Drop cpc and fix page cross condition.
>>>>>>>>>>>>     by richard.henderson@linaro.org
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  Refactor checking supported/unsupported instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  Add gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v22
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  Rebase
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  Split long comment
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v23
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  remove avr_cpu_list_compare function
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  modify avr_cpu_class_by_name function
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  modify avr_cpu_list_entry function
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  modify avr_cpu_list function
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v24
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  remove AVR_CPU_TYPE_NAME macro
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v25
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  fix patches. every file belong to one patch only
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  change copyright year from 2016 to 2019
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  create mask device to emulate prr0/prr1
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v26
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  add avocado acceptence test
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  add boot serial test
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v27
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  list atmel2560 devices as unimplemented
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  fix sram base/size
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v28
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  fix includes & build
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v29
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  fixing ownership
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  using 'since' instread of 'added in'
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v30
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v31
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  splitting 'Add instruction translation' commit
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  fixing typo in qapi/machine.json sicne -> since
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  removing unintended changes in configure file
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  adding Richard Henderson as a co developer to 'Add
>>>>>>>>>>>> instruction translation - CPU main translation funcions' commit
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v32
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  modify cpu_get_sreg to treat sreg C as other flags, except
>>>>>>>>>>>> sreg Z
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v33
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  ensure flag C is always calculated as one bit
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  calculate flag Z as one bit, without using inverse logic
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v34
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v35
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  use NANOSECONDS_PER_SECOND instead of 1000000000 in
>>>>>>>>>>>> avr_timer16.c
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  split "target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of
>>>>>>>>>>>> QEMU" into three patches
>>>>>>>>>>>>     1.  "target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of QEMU"
>>>>>>>>>>>>     2.  "target/avr: Update build system"
>>>>>>>>>>>>     3.  "target/avr: Update MAINTAINERS file"
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  split "target/avr: Add tests" patch into two patches
>>>>>>>>>>>>     1.  "target/avr: Add Avocado test"
>>>>>>>>>>>>     2.  "target/avr: Add boot serial test"
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5.  Add instruction disassembly function
>>>>>>>>>>>> 6.  change "since 4.2" to "since 5.0"
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> changes since v36
>>>>>>>>>>>> 1.  rebase
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.  tename
>>>>>>>>>>>>     1.  NO_CPU_REGISTERS    -> NUMBER_OF_CPU_REGISTERS
>>>>>>>>>>>>     2.  NO_IO_REGISTERS     -> NUMBER_OF_IO_REGISTERS
>>>>>>>>>>>>     3.  to_A                -> to_regs_16_31_by_one
>>>>>>>>>>>>     4.  to_B                -> to_regs_16_23_by_one
>>>>>>>>>>>>     5.  to_C                -> to_regs_24_30_by_two
>>>>>>>>>>>>     6.  to_D                -> to_regs_00_30_by_two
>>>>>>>>>>>> 3.  add missing licences
>>>>>>>>>>>> 4.  add usage example (see above)
>>>>>>>>>>>> 5.  ass Sarah Harris <S.E.Harris@kent.ac.uk> as a reviewer to
>>>>>>>>>>>> MAINTAINERS
>>>>>>>>>>>> 7.  use git commit sha1 instead of `master`` in avocado test
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik (16):
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add outward facing interfaces and core CPU logic
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction helpers
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction decoding
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Registers definition
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Arithmetic and Logic
>>>>>>>>>>>>     Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Branch Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - Bit and Bit-test
>>>>>>>>>>>>     Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - MCU Control
>>>>>>>>>>>> Instructions
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction translation - CPU main translation
>>>>>>>>>>>>     function
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add instruction disassembly function
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add example board configuration
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Register AVR support with the rest of QEMU
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Update build system
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add boot serial test
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add Avocado test
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Update MAINTAINERS file
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> Sarah Harris (1):
>>>>>>>>>>>>   target/avr: Add limited support for USART and 16 bit timer
>>>>>>>>>>>> peripherals
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>>  configure                        |    7 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  default-configs/avr-softmmu.mak  |    5 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  qapi/machine.json                |    3 +-
>>>>>>>>>>>>  include/disas/dis-asm.h          |    6 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/char/avr_usart.h      |   97 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/misc/avr_mask.h       |   47 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  include/hw/timer/avr_timer16.h   |   97 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  include/sysemu/arch_init.h       |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu-param.h           |   37 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu-qom.h             |   54 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu.h                 |  254 +++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/helper.h              |   29 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  arch_init.c                      |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/sample.c                  |  282 +++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/avr_usart.c              |  324 ++++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/avr_mask.c               |  112 ++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/avr_timer16.c           |  605 ++++++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/cpu.c                 |  576 ++++++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/disas.c               |  228 +++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/gdbstub.c             |   85 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/helper.c              |  354 ++++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/machine.c             |  121 ++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/translate.c           | 3052
>>>>>>>>>>>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  tests/boot-serial-test.c         |   10 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  tests/machine-none-test.c        |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  MAINTAINERS                      |   11 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml              |   49 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/Kconfig                       |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/Kconfig                   |    6 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/avr/Makefile.objs             |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/Kconfig                  |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/char/Makefile.objs            |    1 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/Kconfig                  |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/misc/Makefile.objs            |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/Kconfig                 |    3 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  hw/timer/Makefile.objs           |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/Makefile.objs         |   34 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  target/avr/insn.decode           |  194 ++
>>>>>>>>>>>>  tests/Makefile.include           |    2 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  tests/acceptance/machine_avr6.py |   56 +
>>>>>>>>>>>>  40 files changed, 6756 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 default-configs/avr-softmmu.mak
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/char/avr_usart.h
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/misc/avr_mask.h
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 include/hw/timer/avr_timer16.h
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu-param.h
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu-qom.h
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu.h
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/helper.h
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/sample.c
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/char/avr_usart.c
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/misc/avr_mask.c
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/timer/avr_timer16.c
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/cpu.c
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/disas.c
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/gdbstub.c
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/helper.c
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/machine.c
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/translate.c
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 gdb-xml/avr-cpu.xml
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/Kconfig
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 hw/avr/Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/Makefile.objs
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 target/avr/insn.decode
>>>>>>>>>>>>  create mode 100644 tests/acceptance/machine_avr6.py
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>>>>>>> 2.17.2 (Apple Git-113)
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>>>>> Best Regards,
>>>>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>> Best Regards,
>>>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> --
>>>>> Best Regards,
>>>>> Michael Rolnik
>>>>>
>>>>

-- 
Best Regards,
Michael Rolnik