[PULL v2 04/11] docs/devel: add a maintainers section to development process

Alex Bennée posted 11 patches 2 months, 1 week ago
Maintainers: "Alex Bennée" <alex.bennee@linaro.org>, "Philippe Mathieu-Daudé" <philmd@linaro.org>, Thomas Huth <thuth@redhat.com>, Wainer dos Santos Moschetta <wainersm@redhat.com>, Beraldo Leal <bleal@redhat.com>, Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>, Cleber Rosa <crosa@redhat.com>, Peter Maydell <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
[PULL v2 04/11] docs/devel: add a maintainers section to development process
Posted by Alex Bennée 2 months, 1 week ago
We don't currently have a clear place in the documentation to describe
the roles and responsibilities of a maintainer. Lets create one so we
can. I've moved a few small bits out of other files to try and keep
everything in one place.

Signed-off-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <stefanha@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Philippe Mathieu-Daudé <philmd@linaro.org>
Message-Id: <20221117172532.538149-5-alex.bennee@linaro.org>

diff --git a/docs/devel/code-of-conduct.rst b/docs/devel/code-of-conduct.rst
index 195444d1b4..f734ed0317 100644
--- a/docs/devel/code-of-conduct.rst
+++ b/docs/devel/code-of-conduct.rst
@@ -1,3 +1,5 @@
+.. _code_of_conduct:
+
 Code of Conduct
 ===============
 
diff --git a/docs/devel/index-process.rst b/docs/devel/index-process.rst
index d0d7a200fd..d50dd74c3e 100644
--- a/docs/devel/index-process.rst
+++ b/docs/devel/index-process.rst
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ Notes about how to interact with the community and how and where to submit patch
 
    code-of-conduct
    conflict-resolution
+   maintainers
    style
    submitting-a-patch
    trivial-patches
diff --git a/docs/devel/maintainers.rst b/docs/devel/maintainers.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..5c907d901c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/devel/maintainers.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,107 @@
+.. _maintainers:
+
+The Role of Maintainers
+=======================
+
+Maintainers are a critical part of the project's contributor ecosystem.
+They come from a wide range of backgrounds from unpaid hobbyists
+working in their spare time to employees who work on the project as
+part of their job. Maintainer activities include:
+
+  - reviewing patches and suggesting changes
+  - collecting patches and preparing pull requests
+  - tending to the long term health of their area
+  - participating in other project activities
+
+They are also human and subject to the same pressures as everyone else
+including overload and burnout. Like everyone else they are subject
+to project's :ref:`code_of_conduct` and should also be exemplars of
+excellent community collaborators.
+
+The MAINTAINERS file
+--------------------
+
+The `MAINTAINERS
+<https://gitlab.com/qemu-project/qemu/-/blob/master/MAINTAINERS>`__
+file contains the canonical list of who is a maintainer. The file
+is machine readable so an appropriately configured git (see
+:ref:`cc_the_relevant_maintainer`) can automatically Cc them on
+patches that touch their area of code.
+
+The file also describes the status of the area of code to give an idea
+of how actively that section is maintained.
+
+.. list-table:: Meaning of support status in MAINTAINERS
+   :widths: 25 75
+   :header-rows: 1
+
+   * - Status
+     - Meaning
+   * - Supported
+     - Someone is actually paid to look after this.
+   * - Maintained
+     - Someone actually looks after it.
+   * - Odd Fixes
+     - It has a maintainer but they don't have time to do
+       much other than throw the odd patch in.
+   * - Orphan
+     - No current maintainer.
+   * - Obsolete
+     - Old obsolete code, should use something else.
+
+Please bear in mind that even if someone is paid to support something
+it does not mean they are paid to support you. This is open source and
+the code comes with no warranty and the project makes no guarantees
+about dealing with bugs or features requests.
+
+
+
+Becoming a reviewer
+-------------------
+
+Most maintainers start by becoming subsystem reviewers. While anyone
+is welcome to review code on the mailing list getting added to the
+MAINTAINERS file with a line like::
+
+  R: Random Hacker <rhacker@example.com>
+
+marks you as a 'designated reviewer' - expected to provide regular
+spontaneous feedback. This will ensure that patches touching a given
+subsystem will automatically be CC'd to you.
+
+Becoming a maintainer
+---------------------
+
+Maintainers are volunteers who put themselves forward or have been
+asked by others to keep an eye on an area of code. They have generally
+demonstrated to the community, usually via contributions and code
+reviews, that they have a good understanding of the subsystem. They
+are also trusted to make a positive contribution to the project and
+work well with the other contributors.
+
+The process is simple - simply send a patch to the list that updates
+the ``MAINTAINERS`` file. Sometimes this is done as part of a larger
+series when a new sub-system is being added to the code base. This can
+also be done by a retiring maintainer who nominates their replacement
+after discussion with other contributors.
+
+Once the patch is reviewed and merged the only other step is to make
+sure your GPG key is signed.
+
+.. _maintainer_keys:
+
+Maintainer GPG Keys
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+GPG is used to sign pull requests so they can be identified as really
+coming from the maintainer. If your key is not already signed by
+members of the QEMU community, you should make arrangements to attend
+a `KeySigningParty <https://wiki.qemu.org/KeySigningParty>`__ (for
+example at KVM Forum) or make alternative arrangements to have your
+key signed by an attendee. Key signing requires meeting another
+community member **in person** [#]_ so please make appropriate
+arrangements.
+
+.. [#] In recent pandemic times we have had to exercise some
+       flexibility here. Maintainers still need to sign their pull
+       requests though.
diff --git a/docs/devel/submitting-a-pull-request.rst b/docs/devel/submitting-a-pull-request.rst
index c9d1e8afd9..a4cd7ebbb6 100644
--- a/docs/devel/submitting-a-pull-request.rst
+++ b/docs/devel/submitting-a-pull-request.rst
@@ -53,14 +53,10 @@ series) and that "make check" passes before sending out the pull
 request. As a submaintainer you're one of QEMU's lines of defense
 against bad code, so double check the details.
 
-**All pull requests must be signed**. If your key is not already signed
-by members of the QEMU community, you should make arrangements to attend
-a `KeySigningParty <https://wiki.qemu.org/KeySigningParty>`__ (for
-example at KVM Forum) or make alternative arrangements to have your key
-signed by an attendee.  Key signing requires meeting another community
-member \*in person\* so please make appropriate arrangements.  By
-"signed" here we mean that the pullreq email should quote a tag which is
-a GPG-signed tag (as created with 'gpg tag -s ...').
+**All pull requests must be signed**. By "signed" here we mean that
+the pullreq email should quote a tag which is a GPG-signed tag (as
+created with 'gpg tag -s ...'). See :ref:`maintainer_keys` for
+details.
 
 **Pull requests not for master should say "not for master" and have
 "PULL SUBSYSTEM whatever" in the subject tag**. If your pull request is
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index be151f0024..366538f9e2 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ Descriptions of section entries:
 	W: Web-page with status/info
 	Q: Patchwork web based patch tracking system site
 	T: SCM tree type and location.  Type is one of: git, hg, quilt, stgit.
-	S: Status, one of the following:
+	S: Status, one of the following (keep in sync with docs/devel/maintainers.rst):
 	   Supported:	Someone is actually paid to look after this.
 	   Maintained:	Someone actually looks after it.
 	   Odd Fixes:	It has a maintainer but they don't have time to do
-- 
2.34.1