[PATCH v2 15/15] vl: Enable JSON syntax for -device

Kevin Wolf posted 15 patches 1 month, 2 weeks ago

[PATCH v2 15/15] vl: Enable JSON syntax for -device

Posted by Kevin Wolf 1 month, 2 weeks ago
Like we already do for -object, introduce support for JSON syntax in
-device, which can be kept stable in the long term and guarantees that a
single code path with identical behaviour is used for both QMP and the
command line. Compared to the QemuOpts based code, the parser contains
less surprises and has support for non-scalar options (lists and
structs). Switching management tools to JSON means that we can more
easily change the "human" CLI syntax from QemuOpts to the keyval parser
later.

In the QAPI schema, a feature flag is added to the device-add command to
allow management tools to detect support for this.

Signed-off-by: Kevin Wolf <kwolf@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
---
 qapi/qdev.json | 15 ++++++++----
 softmmu/vl.c   | 63 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 2 files changed, 67 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/qapi/qdev.json b/qapi/qdev.json
index d75e68908b..69656b14df 100644
--- a/qapi/qdev.json
+++ b/qapi/qdev.json
@@ -32,17 +32,23 @@
 ##
 # @device_add:
 #
+# Add a device.
+#
 # @driver: the name of the new device's driver
 #
 # @bus: the device's parent bus (device tree path)
 #
 # @id: the device's ID, must be unique
 #
-# Additional arguments depend on the type.
-#
-# Add a device.
+# Features:
+# @json-cli: If present, the "-device" command line option supports JSON
+#            syntax with a structure identical to the arguments of this
+#            command.
 #
 # Notes:
+#
+# Additional arguments depend on the type.
+#
 # 1. For detailed information about this command, please refer to the
 #    'docs/qdev-device-use.txt' file.
 #
@@ -67,7 +73,8 @@
 ##
 { 'command': 'device_add',
   'data': {'driver': 'str', '*bus': 'str', '*id': 'str'},
-  'gen': false } # so we can get the additional arguments
+  'gen': false, # so we can get the additional arguments
+  'features': ['json-cli'] }
 
 ##
 # @device_del:
diff --git a/softmmu/vl.c b/softmmu/vl.c
index 55ab70eb97..af0c4cbd99 100644
--- a/softmmu/vl.c
+++ b/softmmu/vl.c
@@ -144,6 +144,12 @@ typedef struct ObjectOption {
     QTAILQ_ENTRY(ObjectOption) next;
 } ObjectOption;
 
+typedef struct DeviceOption {
+    QDict *opts;
+    Location loc;
+    QTAILQ_ENTRY(DeviceOption) next;
+} DeviceOption;
+
 static const char *cpu_option;
 static const char *mem_path;
 static const char *incoming;
@@ -151,6 +157,7 @@ static const char *loadvm;
 static const char *accelerators;
 static QDict *machine_opts_dict;
 static QTAILQ_HEAD(, ObjectOption) object_opts = QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(object_opts);
+static QTAILQ_HEAD(, DeviceOption) device_opts = QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(device_opts);
 static ram_addr_t maxram_size;
 static uint64_t ram_slots;
 static int display_remote;
@@ -494,21 +501,39 @@ const char *qemu_get_vm_name(void)
     return qemu_name;
 }
 
-static int default_driver_check(void *opaque, QemuOpts *opts, Error **errp)
+static void default_driver_disable(const char *driver)
 {
-    const char *driver = qemu_opt_get(opts, "driver");
     int i;
 
-    if (!driver)
-        return 0;
+    if (!driver) {
+        return;
+    }
+
     for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(default_list); i++) {
         if (strcmp(default_list[i].driver, driver) != 0)
             continue;
         *(default_list[i].flag) = 0;
     }
+}
+
+static int default_driver_check(void *opaque, QemuOpts *opts, Error **errp)
+{
+    const char *driver = qemu_opt_get(opts, "driver");
+
+    default_driver_disable(driver);
     return 0;
 }
 
+static void default_driver_check_json(void)
+{
+    DeviceOption *opt;
+
+    QTAILQ_FOREACH(opt, &device_opts, next) {
+        const char *driver = qdict_get_try_str(opt->opts, "driver");
+        default_driver_disable(driver);
+    }
+}
+
 static int parse_name(void *opaque, QemuOpts *opts, Error **errp)
 {
     const char *proc_name;
@@ -1311,6 +1336,7 @@ static void qemu_disable_default_devices(void)
 {
     MachineClass *machine_class = MACHINE_GET_CLASS(current_machine);
 
+    default_driver_check_json();
     qemu_opts_foreach(qemu_find_opts("device"),
                       default_driver_check, NULL, NULL);
     qemu_opts_foreach(qemu_find_opts("global"),
@@ -2637,6 +2663,8 @@ static void qemu_init_board(void)
 
 static void qemu_create_cli_devices(void)
 {
+    DeviceOption *opt;
+
     soundhw_init();
 
     qemu_opts_foreach(qemu_find_opts("fw_cfg"),
@@ -2652,6 +2680,18 @@ static void qemu_create_cli_devices(void)
     rom_set_order_override(FW_CFG_ORDER_OVERRIDE_DEVICE);
     qemu_opts_foreach(qemu_find_opts("device"),
                       device_init_func, NULL, &error_fatal);
+    QTAILQ_FOREACH(opt, &device_opts, next) {
+        loc_push_restore(&opt->loc);
+        /*
+         * TODO Eventually we should call qmp_device_add() here to make sure it
+         * behaves the same, but QMP still has to accept incorrectly typed
+         * options until libvirt is fixed and we want to be strict on the CLI
+         * from the start, so call qdev_device_add_from_qdict() directly for
+         * now.
+         */
+        qdev_device_add_from_qdict(opt->opts, true, &error_fatal);
+        loc_pop(&opt->loc);
+    }
     rom_reset_order_override();
 }
 
@@ -3352,9 +3392,18 @@ void qemu_init(int argc, char **argv, char **envp)
                 add_device_config(DEV_USB, optarg);
                 break;
             case QEMU_OPTION_device:
-                if (!qemu_opts_parse_noisily(qemu_find_opts("device"),
-                                             optarg, true)) {
-                    exit(1);
+                if (optarg[0] == '{') {
+                    QObject *obj = qobject_from_json(optarg, &error_fatal);
+                    DeviceOption *opt = g_new0(DeviceOption, 1);
+                    opt->opts = qobject_to(QDict, obj);
+                    loc_save(&opt->loc);
+                    assert(opt->opts != NULL);
+                    QTAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&device_opts, opt, next);
+                } else {
+                    if (!qemu_opts_parse_noisily(qemu_find_opts("device"),
+                                                 optarg, true)) {
+                        exit(1);
+                    }
                 }
                 break;
             case QEMU_OPTION_smp:
-- 
2.31.1