[edk2-devel] [PATCH v13 5/8] UefiCpuPkg: Implements SmmCpuFeaturesLib for AMD Family

Abdul Lateef Attar via groups.io posted 8 patches 1 year, 2 months ago
There is a newer version of this series
[edk2-devel] [PATCH v13 5/8] UefiCpuPkg: Implements SmmCpuFeaturesLib for AMD Family
Posted by Abdul Lateef Attar via groups.io 1 year, 2 months ago
From: Abdul Lateef Attar <AbdulLateef.Attar@amd.com>

BZ: https://bugzilla.tianocore.org/show_bug.cgi?id=4182

Implements interfaces to read and write save state
registers of AMD's processor family.
Initializes processor SMMADDR and MASK depends
on PcdSmrrEnable flag.
Program or corrects the IP once control returns from SMM.

Cc: Paul Grimes <paul.grimes@amd.com>
Cc: Abner Chang <abner.chang@amd.com>
Cc: Eric Dong <eric.dong@intel.com>
Cc: Ray Ni <ray.ni@intel.com>
Cc: Rahul Kumar <rahul1.kumar@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Abdul Lateef Attar <abdattar@amd.com>
Reviewed-by: Abner Chang <abner.chang@amd.com>
---
 UefiCpuPkg/UefiCpuPkg.dsc                     |   7 +
 .../AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.inf                  |  38 ++
 .../SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.c  | 445 ++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 490 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.inf
 create mode 100644 UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.c

diff --git a/UefiCpuPkg/UefiCpuPkg.dsc b/UefiCpuPkg/UefiCpuPkg.dsc
index 8b0cb02a80e8..6e29850bed17 100644
--- a/UefiCpuPkg/UefiCpuPkg.dsc
+++ b/UefiCpuPkg/UefiCpuPkg.dsc
@@ -169,6 +169,12 @@ [Components.IA32, Components.X64]
     <LibraryClasses>
       SmmCpuFeaturesLib|UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/SmmCpuFeaturesLibStm.inf
   }
+  UefiCpuPkg/PiSmmCpuDxeSmm/PiSmmCpuDxeSmm.inf {
+    <Defines>
+      FILE_GUID = B7242C74-BD21-49EE-84B4-07162E8C080D
+    <LibraryClasses>
+      SmmCpuFeaturesLib|UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.inf
+  }
   UefiCpuPkg/Universal/Acpi/S3Resume2Pei/S3Resume2Pei.inf
   UefiCpuPkg/ResetVector/Vtf0/Bin/ResetVector.inf
   UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuRendezvousLib/SmmCpuRendezvousLib.inf
@@ -185,6 +191,7 @@ [Components.IA32, Components.X64]
       UnitTestResultReportLib|UnitTestFrameworkPkg/Library/UnitTestResultReportLib/UnitTestResultReportLibConOut.inf
   }
   UefiCpuPkg/Library/MmSaveStateLib/AmdMmSaveStateLib.inf
+  UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.inf
 
 [Components.X64]
   UefiCpuPkg/Library/CpuExceptionHandlerLib/UnitTest/DxeCpuExceptionHandlerLibUnitTest.inf
diff --git a/UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.inf b/UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.inf
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5ee8a2e720c9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.inf
@@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
+## @file
+#  The CPU specific programming for PiSmmCpuDxeSmm module.
+#
+#  Copyright (c) 2009 - 2016, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.<BR>
+#  Copyright (C) 2023 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.<BR>
+#  SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-2-Clause-Patent
+#
+##
+
+[Defines]
+  INF_VERSION                    = 0x00010005
+  BASE_NAME                      = AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib
+  MODULE_UNI_FILE                = SmmCpuFeaturesLib.uni
+  FILE_GUID                      = 5849E964-78EC-428E-8CBD-848A7E359134
+  MODULE_TYPE                    = DXE_SMM_DRIVER
+  VERSION_STRING                 = 1.0
+  LIBRARY_CLASS                  = SmmCpuFeaturesLib
+  CONSTRUCTOR                    = SmmCpuFeaturesLibConstructor
+
+[Sources]
+  SmmCpuFeaturesLib.c
+  SmmCpuFeaturesLibCommon.c
+  AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.c
+
+[Packages]
+  MdePkg/MdePkg.dec
+  UefiCpuPkg/UefiCpuPkg.dec
+
+[LibraryClasses]
+  BaseLib
+  PcdLib
+  MemoryAllocationLib
+  DebugLib
+  MmSaveStateLib
+
+[FeaturePcd]
+  gUefiCpuPkgTokenSpaceGuid.PcdSmrrEnable               ## CONSUMES
+  gUefiCpuPkgTokenSpaceGuid.PcdSmmFeatureControlEnable  ## CONSUMES
diff --git a/UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.c b/UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1473f0a51fe2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/UefiCpuPkg/Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib/AmdSmmCpuFeaturesLib.c
@@ -0,0 +1,445 @@
+/** @file
+Implementation specific to the SmmCpuFeatureLib library instance
+for AMD based platforms.
+
+Copyright (c) 2010 - 2019, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.<BR>
+Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.<BR>
+Copyright (C) 2023 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.<BR>
+SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-2-Clause-Patent
+
+**/
+
+#include <Library/SmmCpuFeaturesLib.h>
+#include <Uefi/UefiBaseType.h>
+#include <Register/Amd/SmramSaveStateMap.h>
+#include <Library/BaseLib.h>
+#include <Library/DebugLib.h>
+#include <Library/MmSaveStateLib.h>
+
+// EFER register LMA bit
+#define LMA  BIT10
+
+// Machine Specific Registers (MSRs)
+#define SMMADDR_ADDRESS  0xC0010112ul
+#define SMMMASK_ADDRESS  0xC0010113ul
+#define EFER_ADDRESS     0XC0000080ul
+
+// The mode of the CPU at the time an SMI occurs
+STATIC UINT8  mSmmSaveStateRegisterLma;
+
+/**
+  Read an SMM Save State register on the target processor.  If this function
+  returns EFI_UNSUPPORTED, then the caller is responsible for reading the
+  SMM Save Sate register.
+
+  @param[in]  CpuIndex  The index of the CPU to read the SMM Save State.  The
+                        value must be between 0 and the NumberOfCpus field in
+                        the System Management System Table (SMST).
+  @param[in]  Register  The SMM Save State register to read.
+  @param[in]  Width     The number of bytes to read from the CPU save state.
+  @param[out] Buffer    Upon return, this holds the CPU register value read
+                        from the save state.
+
+  @retval EFI_SUCCESS           The register was read from Save State.
+  @retval EFI_INVALID_PARAMTER  Buffer is NULL.
+  @retval EFI_UNSUPPORTED       This function does not support reading Register.
+
+**/
+EFI_STATUS
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesReadSaveStateRegister (
+  IN  UINTN                        CpuIndex,
+  IN  EFI_SMM_SAVE_STATE_REGISTER  Register,
+  IN  UINTN                        Width,
+  OUT VOID                         *Buffer
+  )
+{
+  return MmSaveStateReadRegister (CpuIndex, Register, Width, Buffer);
+}
+
+/**
+  Writes an SMM Save State register on the target processor.  If this function
+  returns EFI_UNSUPPORTED, then the caller is responsible for writing the
+  SMM Save Sate register.
+
+  @param[in] CpuIndex  The index of the CPU to write the SMM Save State.  The
+                       value must be between 0 and the NumberOfCpus field in
+                       the System Management System Table (SMST).
+  @param[in] Register  The SMM Save State register to write.
+  @param[in] Width     The number of bytes to write to the CPU save state.
+  @param[in] Buffer    Upon entry, this holds the new CPU register value.
+
+  @retval EFI_SUCCESS           The register was written to Save State.
+  @retval EFI_INVALID_PARAMTER  Buffer is NULL.
+  @retval EFI_UNSUPPORTED       This function does not support writing Register.
+**/
+EFI_STATUS
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesWriteSaveStateRegister (
+  IN UINTN                        CpuIndex,
+  IN EFI_SMM_SAVE_STATE_REGISTER  Register,
+  IN UINTN                        Width,
+  IN CONST VOID                   *Buffer
+  )
+{
+  return MmSaveStateWriteRegister (CpuIndex, Register, Width, Buffer);
+}
+
+/**
+  Performs library initialization.
+
+  This initialization function contains common functionality shared betwen all
+  library instance constructors.
+
+**/
+VOID
+CpuFeaturesLibInitialization (
+  VOID
+  )
+{
+  UINT32  LMAValue;
+
+  LMAValue                 = (UINT32)AsmReadMsr64 (EFER_ADDRESS) & LMA;
+  mSmmSaveStateRegisterLma = EFI_SMM_SAVE_STATE_REGISTER_LMA_32BIT;
+  if (LMAValue) {
+    mSmmSaveStateRegisterLma = EFI_SMM_SAVE_STATE_REGISTER_LMA_64BIT;
+  }
+}
+
+/**
+  Called during the very first SMI into System Management Mode to initialize
+  CPU features, including SMBASE, for the currently executing CPU.  Since this
+  is the first SMI, the SMRAM Save State Map is at the default address of
+  AMD_SMM_DEFAULT_SMBASE + SMRAM_SAVE_STATE_MAP_OFFSET.  The currently executing
+  CPU is specified by CpuIndex and CpuIndex can be used to access information
+  about the currently executing CPU in the ProcessorInfo array and the
+  HotPlugCpuData data structure.
+
+  @param[in] CpuIndex        The index of the CPU to initialize.  The value
+                             must be between 0 and the NumberOfCpus field in
+                             the System Management System Table (SMST).
+  @param[in] IsMonarch       TRUE if the CpuIndex is the index of the CPU that
+                             was elected as monarch during System Management
+                             Mode initialization.
+                             FALSE if the CpuIndex is not the index of the CPU
+                             that was elected as monarch during System
+                             Management Mode initialization.
+  @param[in] ProcessorInfo   Pointer to an array of EFI_PROCESSOR_INFORMATION
+                             structures.  ProcessorInfo[CpuIndex] contains the
+                             information for the currently executing CPU.
+  @param[in] CpuHotPlugData  Pointer to the CPU_HOT_PLUG_DATA structure that
+                             contains the ApidId and SmBase arrays.
+**/
+VOID
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesInitializeProcessor (
+  IN UINTN                      CpuIndex,
+  IN BOOLEAN                    IsMonarch,
+  IN EFI_PROCESSOR_INFORMATION  *ProcessorInfo,
+  IN CPU_HOT_PLUG_DATA          *CpuHotPlugData
+  )
+{
+  AMD_SMRAM_SAVE_STATE_MAP  *CpuState;
+  UINT32                    LMAValue;
+
+  //
+  // Configure SMBASE.
+  //
+  CpuState             = (AMD_SMRAM_SAVE_STATE_MAP *)(UINTN)(SMM_DEFAULT_SMBASE + SMRAM_SAVE_STATE_MAP_OFFSET);
+  CpuState->x64.SMBASE = (UINT32)CpuHotPlugData->SmBase[CpuIndex];
+
+  // Re-initialize the value of mSmmSaveStateRegisterLma flag which might have been changed in PiCpuSmmDxeSmm Driver
+  // Entry point, to make sure correct value on AMD platform is assigned to be used by SmmCpuFeaturesLib.
+  LMAValue                 = (UINT32)AsmReadMsr64 (EFER_ADDRESS) & LMA;
+  mSmmSaveStateRegisterLma = EFI_SMM_SAVE_STATE_REGISTER_LMA_32BIT;
+  if (LMAValue) {
+    mSmmSaveStateRegisterLma = EFI_SMM_SAVE_STATE_REGISTER_LMA_64BIT;
+  }
+
+  //
+  // If SMRR is supported, then program SMRR base/mask MSRs.
+  // The EFI_MSR_SMRR_PHYS_MASK_VALID bit is not set until the first normal SMI.
+  // The code that initializes SMM environment is running in normal mode
+  // from SMRAM region.  If SMRR is enabled here, then the SMRAM region
+  // is protected and the normal mode code execution will fail.
+  //
+  if (FeaturePcdGet (PcdSmrrEnable)) {
+    //
+    // SMRR size cannot be less than 4-KBytes
+    // SMRR size must be of length 2^n
+    // SMRR base alignment cannot be less than SMRR length
+    //
+    if ((CpuHotPlugData->SmrrSize < SIZE_4KB) ||
+        (CpuHotPlugData->SmrrSize != GetPowerOfTwo32 (CpuHotPlugData->SmrrSize)) ||
+        ((CpuHotPlugData->SmrrBase & ~(CpuHotPlugData->SmrrSize - 1)) != CpuHotPlugData->SmrrBase))
+    {
+      //
+      // Print message and halt if CPU is Monarch
+      //
+      if (IsMonarch) {
+        DEBUG ((DEBUG_ERROR, "SMM Base/Size does not meet alignment/size requirement!\n"));
+        CpuDeadLoop ();
+      }
+    } else {
+      AsmWriteMsr64 (SMMADDR_ADDRESS, CpuHotPlugData->SmrrBase);
+      AsmWriteMsr64 (SMMMASK_ADDRESS, ((~(UINT64)(CpuHotPlugData->SmrrSize - 1)) | 0x6600));
+    }
+  }
+}
+
+/**
+  This function updates the SMRAM save state on the currently executing CPU
+  to resume execution at a specific address after an RSM instruction.  This
+  function must evaluate the SMRAM save state to determine the execution mode
+  the RSM instruction resumes and update the resume execution address with
+  either NewInstructionPointer32 or NewInstructionPoint.  The auto HALT restart
+  flag in the SMRAM save state must always be cleared.  This function returns
+  the value of the instruction pointer from the SMRAM save state that was
+  replaced.  If this function returns 0, then the SMRAM save state was not
+  modified.
+
+  This function is called during the very first SMI on each CPU after
+  SmmCpuFeaturesInitializeProcessor() to set a flag in normal execution mode
+  to signal that the SMBASE of each CPU has been updated before the default
+  SMBASE address is used for the first SMI to the next CPU.
+
+  @param[in] CpuIndex                 The index of the CPU to hook.  The value
+                                      must be between 0 and the NumberOfCpus
+                                      field in the System Management System Table
+                                      (SMST).
+  @param[in] CpuState                 Pointer to SMRAM Save State Map for the
+                                      currently executing CPU.
+  @param[in] NewInstructionPointer32  Instruction pointer to use if resuming to
+                                      32-bit execution mode from 64-bit SMM.
+  @param[in] NewInstructionPointer    Instruction pointer to use if resuming to
+                                      same execution mode as SMM.
+
+  @retval 0    This function did modify the SMRAM save state.
+  @retval > 0  The original instruction pointer value from the SMRAM save state
+               before it was replaced.
+**/
+UINT64
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesHookReturnFromSmm (
+  IN UINTN                 CpuIndex,
+  IN SMRAM_SAVE_STATE_MAP  *CpuState,
+  IN UINT64                NewInstructionPointer32,
+  IN UINT64                NewInstructionPointer
+  )
+{
+  UINT64                    OriginalInstructionPointer;
+  AMD_SMRAM_SAVE_STATE_MAP  *AmdCpuState;
+
+  AmdCpuState = (AMD_SMRAM_SAVE_STATE_MAP *)CpuState;
+
+  if (mSmmSaveStateRegisterLma == EFI_SMM_SAVE_STATE_REGISTER_LMA_32BIT) {
+    OriginalInstructionPointer = (UINT64)AmdCpuState->x86._EIP;
+    AmdCpuState->x86._EIP      = (UINT32)NewInstructionPointer;
+    //
+    // Clear the auto HALT restart flag so the RSM instruction returns
+    // program control to the instruction following the HLT instruction.
+    //
+    if ((AmdCpuState->x86.AutoHALTRestart & BIT0) != 0) {
+      AmdCpuState->x86.AutoHALTRestart &= ~BIT0;
+    }
+  } else {
+    OriginalInstructionPointer = AmdCpuState->x64._RIP;
+    if ((AmdCpuState->x64.EFER & LMA) == 0) {
+      AmdCpuState->x64._RIP = (UINT32)NewInstructionPointer32;
+    } else {
+      AmdCpuState->x64._RIP = (UINT32)NewInstructionPointer;
+    }
+
+    //
+    // Clear the auto HALT restart flag so the RSM instruction returns
+    // program control to the instruction following the HLT instruction.
+    //
+    if ((AmdCpuState->x64.AutoHALTRestart & BIT0) != 0) {
+      AmdCpuState->x64.AutoHALTRestart &= ~BIT0;
+    }
+  }
+
+  return OriginalInstructionPointer;
+}
+
+/**
+  Return the size, in bytes, of a custom SMI Handler in bytes.  If 0 is
+  returned, then a custom SMI handler is not provided by this library,
+  and the default SMI handler must be used.
+
+  @retval 0    Use the default SMI handler.
+  @retval > 0  Use the SMI handler installed by SmmCpuFeaturesInstallSmiHandler()
+               The caller is required to allocate enough SMRAM for each CPU to
+               support the size of the custom SMI handler.
+**/
+UINTN
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesGetSmiHandlerSize (
+  VOID
+  )
+{
+  return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+  Install a custom SMI handler for the CPU specified by CpuIndex.  This function
+  is only called if SmmCpuFeaturesGetSmiHandlerSize() returns a size is greater
+  than zero and is called by the CPU that was elected as monarch during System
+  Management Mode initialization.
+
+  @param[in] CpuIndex   The index of the CPU to install the custom SMI handler.
+                        The value must be between 0 and the NumberOfCpus field
+                        in the System Management System Table (SMST).
+  @param[in] SmBase     The SMBASE address for the CPU specified by CpuIndex.
+  @param[in] SmiStack   The stack to use when an SMI is processed by the
+                        the CPU specified by CpuIndex.
+  @param[in] StackSize  The size, in bytes, if the stack used when an SMI is
+                        processed by the CPU specified by CpuIndex.
+  @param[in] GdtBase    The base address of the GDT to use when an SMI is
+                        processed by the CPU specified by CpuIndex.
+  @param[in] GdtSize    The size, in bytes, of the GDT used when an SMI is
+                        processed by the CPU specified by CpuIndex.
+  @param[in] IdtBase    The base address of the IDT to use when an SMI is
+                        processed by the CPU specified by CpuIndex.
+  @param[in] IdtSize    The size, in bytes, of the IDT used when an SMI is
+                        processed by the CPU specified by CpuIndex.
+  @param[in] Cr3        The base address of the page tables to use when an SMI
+                        is processed by the CPU specified by CpuIndex.
+**/
+VOID
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesInstallSmiHandler (
+  IN UINTN   CpuIndex,
+  IN UINT32  SmBase,
+  IN VOID    *SmiStack,
+  IN UINTN   StackSize,
+  IN UINTN   GdtBase,
+  IN UINTN   GdtSize,
+  IN UINTN   IdtBase,
+  IN UINTN   IdtSize,
+  IN UINT32  Cr3
+  )
+{
+}
+
+/**
+  Determines if MTRR registers must be configured to set SMRAM cache-ability
+  when executing in System Management Mode.
+
+  @retval TRUE   MTRR registers must be configured to set SMRAM cache-ability.
+  @retval FALSE  MTRR registers do not need to be configured to set SMRAM
+                 cache-ability.
+**/
+BOOLEAN
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesNeedConfigureMtrrs (
+  VOID
+  )
+{
+  return FALSE;
+}
+
+/**
+  Disable SMRR register if SMRR is supported and SmmCpuFeaturesNeedConfigureMtrrs()
+  returns TRUE.
+**/
+VOID
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesDisableSmrr (
+  VOID
+  )
+{
+}
+
+/**
+  Enable SMRR register if SMRR is supported and SmmCpuFeaturesNeedConfigureMtrrs()
+  returns TRUE.
+**/
+VOID
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesReenableSmrr (
+  VOID
+  )
+{
+}
+
+/**
+  Processor specific hook point each time a CPU enters System Management Mode.
+
+  @param[in] CpuIndex  The index of the CPU that has entered SMM.  The value
+                       must be between 0 and the NumberOfCpus field in the
+                       System Management System Table (SMST).
+**/
+VOID
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesRendezvousEntry (
+  IN UINTN  CpuIndex
+  )
+{
+}
+
+/**
+  Returns the current value of the SMM register for the specified CPU.
+  If the SMM register is not supported, then 0 is returned.
+
+  @param[in] CpuIndex  The index of the CPU to read the SMM register.  The
+                       value must be between 0 and the NumberOfCpus field in
+                       the System Management System Table (SMST).
+  @param[in] RegName   Identifies the SMM register to read.
+
+  @return  The value of the SMM register specified by RegName from the CPU
+           specified by CpuIndex.
+**/
+UINT64
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesGetSmmRegister (
+  IN UINTN         CpuIndex,
+  IN SMM_REG_NAME  RegName
+  )
+{
+  return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+  Sets the value of an SMM register on a specified CPU.
+  If the SMM register is not supported, then no action is performed.
+
+  @param[in] CpuIndex  The index of the CPU to write the SMM register.  The
+                       value must be between 0 and the NumberOfCpus field in
+                       the System Management System Table (SMST).
+  @param[in] RegName   Identifies the SMM register to write.
+                       registers are read-only.
+  @param[in] Value     The value to write to the SMM register.
+**/
+VOID
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesSetSmmRegister (
+  IN UINTN         CpuIndex,
+  IN SMM_REG_NAME  RegName,
+  IN UINT64        Value
+  )
+{
+}
+
+/**
+  Check to see if an SMM register is supported by a specified CPU.
+
+  @param[in] CpuIndex  The index of the CPU to check for SMM register support.
+                       The value must be between 0 and the NumberOfCpus field
+                       in the System Management System Table (SMST).
+  @param[in] RegName   Identifies the SMM register to check for support.
+
+  @retval TRUE   The SMM register specified by RegName is supported by the CPU
+                 specified by CpuIndex.
+  @retval FALSE  The SMM register specified by RegName is not supported by the
+                 CPU specified by CpuIndex.
+**/
+BOOLEAN
+EFIAPI
+SmmCpuFeaturesIsSmmRegisterSupported (
+  IN UINTN         CpuIndex,
+  IN SMM_REG_NAME  RegName
+  )
+{
+  return FALSE;
+}
-- 
2.25.1



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