[edk2-devel] [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI

Ard Biesheuvel posted 10 patches 1 year, 1 month ago
There is a newer version of this series
[edk2-devel] [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
Posted by Ard Biesheuvel 1 year, 1 month ago
Define a PPI interface that may be used by the PEI core or other PEIMs
to manage permissions on memory ranges. This is primarily intended for
restricting permissions to what is actually needed for correct execution
by the code in question, and for limiting the use of memory mappings
that are both writable and executable at the same time.

Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
---
 MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h | 78 ++++++++++++++++++++
 MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec              |  3 +
 2 files changed, 81 insertions(+)

diff --git a/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h b/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000000..5ff31185ab4183f8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
@@ -0,0 +1,78 @@
+/** @file
+
+Copyright (c) 2023, Google LLC. All rights reserved.<BR>
+
+SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-2-Clause-Patent
+
+**/
+
+#ifndef EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_H_
+#define EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_H_
+
+#include <Uefi/UefiSpec.h>
+
+///
+/// Global ID for the EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI.
+///
+#define EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_GUID \
+  { \
+    0x1be840de, 0x2d92, 0x41ec, { 0xb6, 0xd3, 0x19, 0x64, 0x13, 0x50, 0x51, 0xfb } \
+  }
+
+///
+/// Forward declaration for the EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI.
+///
+typedef struct _EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI;
+
+/**
+  Set the requested memory permission attributes on a region of memory.
+
+  BaseAddress and Length must be aligned to EFI_PAGE_SIZE.
+
+  Both SetMask and ClearMask may contain any combination of EFI_MEMORY_RP,
+  EFI_MEMORY_RO and EFI_MEMORY_XP, with the following restrictions:
+  - each constant may appear in either SetMask or ClearMask, but not in both;
+  - SetMask or ClearMask may be 0x0, but not both.
+
+  @param[in]  This            The protocol instance pointer.
+  @param[in]  BaseAddress     The physical address that is the start address of
+                              a memory region.
+  @param[in]  Length          The size in bytes of the memory region.
+  @param[in]  SetMask         Mask of memory attributes to set.
+  @param[in]  ClearMask       Mask of memory attributes to clear.
+
+  @retval EFI_SUCCESS           The attributes were set for the memory region.
+  @retval EFI_INVALID_PARAMETER Length is zero.
+                                Invalid combination of SetMask and ClearMask.
+                                BaseAddress or Length is not suitably aligned.
+  @retval EFI_UNSUPPORTED       The processor does not support one or more
+                                bytes of the memory resource range specified
+                                by BaseAddress and Length.
+                                The bit mask of attributes is not supported for
+                                the memory resource range specified by
+                                BaseAddress and Length.
+  @retval EFI_OUT_OF_RESOURCES  Requested attributes cannot be applied due to
+                                lack of system resources.
+
+**/
+typedef
+EFI_STATUS
+(EFIAPI *EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_SET_PERMISSIONS)(
+  IN  EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI  *This,
+  IN  EFI_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS        BaseAddress,
+  IN  UINT64                      Length,
+  IN  UINT64                      SetMask,
+  IN  UINT64                      ClearMask
+  );
+
+///
+/// This PPI contains a set of services to manage memory permission attributes.
+///
+struct _EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI {
+  EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_SET_PERMISSIONS    SetPermissions;
+};
+
+extern EFI_GUID  gEdkiiMemoryAttributePpiGuid;
+
+#endif
+
diff --git a/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec b/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
index 95dd077e19b3a901..d65dae18aa81e569 100644
--- a/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
+++ b/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
@@ -528,6 +528,9 @@ [Ppis]
   gEdkiiPeiCapsuleOnDiskPpiGuid             = { 0x71a9ea61, 0x5a35, 0x4a5d, { 0xac, 0xef, 0x9c, 0xf8, 0x6d, 0x6d, 0x67, 0xe0 } }
   gEdkiiPeiBootInCapsuleOnDiskModePpiGuid   = { 0xb08a11e4, 0xe2b7, 0x4b75, { 0xb5, 0x15, 0xaf, 0x61, 0x6, 0x68, 0xbf, 0xd1  } }
 
+  ## Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
+  gEdkiiMemoryAttributePpiGuid              = { 0x1be840de, 0x2d92, 0x41ec, { 0xb6, 0xd3, 0x19, 0x64, 0x13, 0x50, 0x51, 0xfb } }
+
 [Protocols]
   ## Load File protocol provides capability to load and unload EFI image into memory and execute it.
   #  Include/Protocol/LoadPe32Image.h
-- 
2.39.2



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Re: [edk2-devel] [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
Posted by Ni, Ray 1 year ago
1. 
The PPI interface supports to set and clear any attributes with single invocation.
That's much better than the existing UEFI protocol prototype which requires caller to call the interfaces
twice to set and clear some attributes.

So far I see two patterns for attributes setting:
*. The patten in this patch: SetMask/ClearMask
*. The pattern I used in PageTableLib: Attribute/Mask.

I think from caller side, they provide the same capabilities.
The difference is SetMask/ClearMask expects callers to not set the same BIT in both
SetMask/ClearMask.

(I thought there would be similar existing interfaces as pattern 2. But I didn't find any now.)
Do you mind to align to pattern #2?


2.
When a memory region is marked from not-present to present, PageTableLib expects
caller to supply all memory attributes (including RW, NX, etc.) as the lib implementation doesn't
want to carry any default attributes..
Do you think the MemoryAttribute PPI should expect the same to caller?


Thanks,
Ray


> -----Original Message-----
> From: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
> Sent: Thursday, May 25, 2023 10:31 PM
> To: devel@edk2.groups.io
> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>; Ni, Ray <ray.ni@intel.com>; Yao, Jiewen
> <jiewen.yao@intel.com>; Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>; Taylor Beebe
> <t@taylorbeebe.com>; Oliver Smith-Denny <osd@smith-denny.com>; Bi, Dandan
> <dandan.bi@intel.com>; Gao, Liming <gaoliming@byosoft.com.cn>; Kinney,
> Michael D <michael.d.kinney@intel.com>; Leif Lindholm
> <quic_llindhol@quicinc.com>; Sunil V L <sunilvl@ventanamicro.com>; Warkentin,
> Andrei <andrei.warkentin@intel.com>
> Subject: [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
> 
> Define a PPI interface that may be used by the PEI core or other PEIMs
> to manage permissions on memory ranges. This is primarily intended for
> restricting permissions to what is actually needed for correct execution
> by the code in question, and for limiting the use of memory mappings
> that are both writable and executable at the same time.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
> ---
>  MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h | 78 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec              |  3 +
>  2 files changed, 81 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> b/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000000..5ff31185ab4183f8
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,78 @@
> +/** @file
> 
> +
> 
> +Copyright (c) 2023, Google LLC. All rights reserved.<BR>
> 
> +
> 
> +SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-2-Clause-Patent
> 
> +
> 
> +**/
> 
> +
> 
> +#ifndef EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_H_
> 
> +#define EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_H_
> 
> +
> 
> +#include <Uefi/UefiSpec.h>
> 
> +
> 
> +///
> 
> +/// Global ID for the EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI.
> 
> +///
> 
> +#define EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_GUID \
> 
> +  { \
> 
> +    0x1be840de, 0x2d92, 0x41ec, { 0xb6, 0xd3, 0x19, 0x64, 0x13, 0x50, 0x51,
> 0xfb } \
> 
> +  }
> 
> +
> 
> +///
> 
> +/// Forward declaration for the EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI.
> 
> +///
> 
> +typedef struct _EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI
> EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI;
> 
> +
> 
> +/**
> 
> +  Set the requested memory permission attributes on a region of memory.
> 
> +
> 
> +  BaseAddress and Length must be aligned to EFI_PAGE_SIZE.
> 
> +
> 
> +  Both SetMask and ClearMask may contain any combination of
> EFI_MEMORY_RP,
> 
> +  EFI_MEMORY_RO and EFI_MEMORY_XP, with the following restrictions:
> 
> +  - each constant may appear in either SetMask or ClearMask, but not in both;
> 
> +  - SetMask or ClearMask may be 0x0, but not both.
> 
> +
> 
> +  @param[in]  This            The protocol instance pointer.
> 
> +  @param[in]  BaseAddress     The physical address that is the start address of
> 
> +                              a memory region.
> 
> +  @param[in]  Length          The size in bytes of the memory region.
> 
> +  @param[in]  SetMask         Mask of memory attributes to set.
> 
> +  @param[in]  ClearMask       Mask of memory attributes to clear.
> 
> +
> 
> +  @retval EFI_SUCCESS           The attributes were set for the memory region.
> 
> +  @retval EFI_INVALID_PARAMETER Length is zero.
> 
> +                                Invalid combination of SetMask and ClearMask.
> 
> +                                BaseAddress or Length is not suitably aligned.
> 
> +  @retval EFI_UNSUPPORTED       The processor does not support one or more
> 
> +                                bytes of the memory resource range specified
> 
> +                                by BaseAddress and Length.
> 
> +                                The bit mask of attributes is not supported for
> 
> +                                the memory resource range specified by
> 
> +                                BaseAddress and Length.
> 
> +  @retval EFI_OUT_OF_RESOURCES  Requested attributes cannot be applied
> due to
> 
> +                                lack of system resources.
> 
> +
> 
> +**/
> 
> +typedef
> 
> +EFI_STATUS
> 
> +(EFIAPI *EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_SET_PERMISSIONS)(
> 
> +  IN  EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI  *This,
> 
> +  IN  EFI_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS        BaseAddress,
> 
> +  IN  UINT64                      Length,
> 
> +  IN  UINT64                      SetMask,
> 
> +  IN  UINT64                      ClearMask
> 
> +  );
> 
> +
> 
> +///
> 
> +/// This PPI contains a set of services to manage memory permission attributes.
> 
> +///
> 
> +struct _EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI {
> 
> +  EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_SET_PERMISSIONS    SetPermissions;
> 
> +};
> 
> +
> 
> +extern EFI_GUID  gEdkiiMemoryAttributePpiGuid;
> 
> +
> 
> +#endif
> 
> +
> 
> diff --git a/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> b/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> index 95dd077e19b3a901..d65dae18aa81e569 100644
> --- a/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> +++ b/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> @@ -528,6 +528,9 @@ [Ppis]
>    gEdkiiPeiCapsuleOnDiskPpiGuid             = { 0x71a9ea61, 0x5a35, 0x4a5d, { 0xac,
> 0xef, 0x9c, 0xf8, 0x6d, 0x6d, 0x67, 0xe0 } }
> 
>    gEdkiiPeiBootInCapsuleOnDiskModePpiGuid   = { 0xb08a11e4, 0xe2b7, 0x4b75,
> { 0xb5, 0x15, 0xaf, 0x61, 0x6, 0x68, 0xbf, 0xd1  } }
> 
> 
> 
> +  ## Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> 
> +  gEdkiiMemoryAttributePpiGuid              = { 0x1be840de, 0x2d92, 0x41ec, { 0xb6,
> 0xd3, 0x19, 0x64, 0x13, 0x50, 0x51, 0xfb } }
> 
> +
> 
>  [Protocols]
> 
>    ## Load File protocol provides capability to load and unload EFI image into
> memory and execute it.
> 
>    #  Include/Protocol/LoadPe32Image.h
> 
> --
> 2.39.2



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Re: [edk2-devel] [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
Posted by Ard Biesheuvel 1 year ago
On Tue, 30 May 2023 at 09:15, Ni, Ray <ray.ni@intel.com> wrote:
>
> 1.
> The PPI interface supports to set and clear any attributes with single invocation.
> That's much better than the existing UEFI protocol prototype which requires caller to call the interfaces
> twice to set and clear some attributes.
>

Agree, I think that was a mistake to define the UEFI memory attributes
protocol like that, as it requires two traversals of the page tables
for the most common case of converting RO -> XP or vice versa.

> So far I see two patterns for attributes setting:
> *. The patten in this patch: SetMask/ClearMask
> *. The pattern I used in PageTableLib: Attribute/Mask.
>
> I think from caller side, they provide the same capabilities.
> The difference is SetMask/ClearMask expects callers to not set the same BIT in both
> SetMask/ClearMask.
>
> (I thought there would be similar existing interfaces as pattern 2. But I didn't find any now.)
> Do you mind to align to pattern #2?
>

That is fine - I actually prefer that (and this is what ArmMmuLib
implements internally) but I did not want to deviate from the UEFI
protocol too much.

>
> 2.
> When a memory region is marked from not-present to present, PageTableLib expects
> caller to supply all memory attributes (including RW, NX, etc.) as the lib implementation doesn't
> want to carry any default attributes..
> Do you think the MemoryAttribute PPI should expect the same to caller?
>

I'm not sure I follow.

The PPI (as well as the UEFI protocol) can only operate on valid
mapping, and can only be used to manipulate RP/RO/XP. It cannot be
used to create mappings from scratch.

Do you think this capability should be added? If so, I think it is
reasonable to require the caller to provide all attributes, and on ARM
this would have to include the memory cacheability type as we should
not provide a default for that either.

Thanks,
Ard.


>
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
> > Sent: Thursday, May 25, 2023 10:31 PM
> > To: devel@edk2.groups.io
> > Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>; Ni, Ray <ray.ni@intel.com>; Yao, Jiewen
> > <jiewen.yao@intel.com>; Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>; Taylor Beebe
> > <t@taylorbeebe.com>; Oliver Smith-Denny <osd@smith-denny.com>; Bi, Dandan
> > <dandan.bi@intel.com>; Gao, Liming <gaoliming@byosoft.com.cn>; Kinney,
> > Michael D <michael.d.kinney@intel.com>; Leif Lindholm
> > <quic_llindhol@quicinc.com>; Sunil V L <sunilvl@ventanamicro.com>; Warkentin,
> > Andrei <andrei.warkentin@intel.com>
> > Subject: [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
> >
> > Define a PPI interface that may be used by the PEI core or other PEIMs
> > to manage permissions on memory ranges. This is primarily intended for
> > restricting permissions to what is actually needed for correct execution
> > by the code in question, and for limiting the use of memory mappings
> > that are both writable and executable at the same time.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
> > ---
> >  MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h | 78 ++++++++++++++++++++
> >  MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec              |  3 +
> >  2 files changed, 81 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> > b/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000000000000..5ff31185ab4183f8
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> > @@ -0,0 +1,78 @@
> > +/** @file
> >
> > +
> >
> > +Copyright (c) 2023, Google LLC. All rights reserved.<BR>
> >
> > +
> >
> > +SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-2-Clause-Patent
> >
> > +
> >
> > +**/
> >
> > +
> >
> > +#ifndef EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_H_
> >
> > +#define EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_H_
> >
> > +
> >
> > +#include <Uefi/UefiSpec.h>
> >
> > +
> >
> > +///
> >
> > +/// Global ID for the EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI.
> >
> > +///
> >
> > +#define EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_GUID \
> >
> > +  { \
> >
> > +    0x1be840de, 0x2d92, 0x41ec, { 0xb6, 0xd3, 0x19, 0x64, 0x13, 0x50, 0x51,
> > 0xfb } \
> >
> > +  }
> >
> > +
> >
> > +///
> >
> > +/// Forward declaration for the EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI.
> >
> > +///
> >
> > +typedef struct _EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI
> > EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI;
> >
> > +
> >
> > +/**
> >
> > +  Set the requested memory permission attributes on a region of memory.
> >
> > +
> >
> > +  BaseAddress and Length must be aligned to EFI_PAGE_SIZE.
> >
> > +
> >
> > +  Both SetMask and ClearMask may contain any combination of
> > EFI_MEMORY_RP,
> >
> > +  EFI_MEMORY_RO and EFI_MEMORY_XP, with the following restrictions:
> >
> > +  - each constant may appear in either SetMask or ClearMask, but not in both;
> >
> > +  - SetMask or ClearMask may be 0x0, but not both.
> >
> > +
> >
> > +  @param[in]  This            The protocol instance pointer.
> >
> > +  @param[in]  BaseAddress     The physical address that is the start address of
> >
> > +                              a memory region.
> >
> > +  @param[in]  Length          The size in bytes of the memory region.
> >
> > +  @param[in]  SetMask         Mask of memory attributes to set.
> >
> > +  @param[in]  ClearMask       Mask of memory attributes to clear.
> >
> > +
> >
> > +  @retval EFI_SUCCESS           The attributes were set for the memory region.
> >
> > +  @retval EFI_INVALID_PARAMETER Length is zero.
> >
> > +                                Invalid combination of SetMask and ClearMask.
> >
> > +                                BaseAddress or Length is not suitably aligned.
> >
> > +  @retval EFI_UNSUPPORTED       The processor does not support one or more
> >
> > +                                bytes of the memory resource range specified
> >
> > +                                by BaseAddress and Length.
> >
> > +                                The bit mask of attributes is not supported for
> >
> > +                                the memory resource range specified by
> >
> > +                                BaseAddress and Length.
> >
> > +  @retval EFI_OUT_OF_RESOURCES  Requested attributes cannot be applied
> > due to
> >
> > +                                lack of system resources.
> >
> > +
> >
> > +**/
> >
> > +typedef
> >
> > +EFI_STATUS
> >
> > +(EFIAPI *EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_SET_PERMISSIONS)(
> >
> > +  IN  EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI  *This,
> >
> > +  IN  EFI_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS        BaseAddress,
> >
> > +  IN  UINT64                      Length,
> >
> > +  IN  UINT64                      SetMask,
> >
> > +  IN  UINT64                      ClearMask
> >
> > +  );
> >
> > +
> >
> > +///
> >
> > +/// This PPI contains a set of services to manage memory permission attributes.
> >
> > +///
> >
> > +struct _EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI {
> >
> > +  EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_SET_PERMISSIONS    SetPermissions;
> >
> > +};
> >
> > +
> >
> > +extern EFI_GUID  gEdkiiMemoryAttributePpiGuid;
> >
> > +
> >
> > +#endif
> >
> > +
> >
> > diff --git a/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> > b/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> > index 95dd077e19b3a901..d65dae18aa81e569 100644
> > --- a/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> > +++ b/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> > @@ -528,6 +528,9 @@ [Ppis]
> >    gEdkiiPeiCapsuleOnDiskPpiGuid             = { 0x71a9ea61, 0x5a35, 0x4a5d, { 0xac,
> > 0xef, 0x9c, 0xf8, 0x6d, 0x6d, 0x67, 0xe0 } }
> >
> >    gEdkiiPeiBootInCapsuleOnDiskModePpiGuid   = { 0xb08a11e4, 0xe2b7, 0x4b75,
> > { 0xb5, 0x15, 0xaf, 0x61, 0x6, 0x68, 0xbf, 0xd1  } }
> >
> >
> >
> > +  ## Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> >
> > +  gEdkiiMemoryAttributePpiGuid              = { 0x1be840de, 0x2d92, 0x41ec, { 0xb6,
> > 0xd3, 0x19, 0x64, 0x13, 0x50, 0x51, 0xfb } }
> >
> > +
> >
> >  [Protocols]
> >
> >    ## Load File protocol provides capability to load and unload EFI image into
> > memory and execute it.
> >
> >    #  Include/Protocol/LoadPe32Image.h
> >
> > --
> > 2.39.2
>


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Re: [edk2-devel] [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
Posted by Ni, Ray 1 year ago

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
> Sent: Tuesday, May 30, 2023 3:32 PM
> To: Ni, Ray <ray.ni@intel.com>
> Cc: devel@edk2.groups.io; Yao, Jiewen <jiewen.yao@intel.com>; Gerd
> Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>; Taylor Beebe <t@taylorbeebe.com>; Oliver
> Smith-Denny <osd@smith-denny.com>; Bi, Dandan <dandan.bi@intel.com>;
> Gao, Liming <gaoliming@byosoft.com.cn>; Kinney, Michael D
> <michael.d.kinney@intel.com>; Leif Lindholm <quic_llindhol@quicinc.com>;
> Sunil V L <sunilvl@ventanamicro.com>; Warkentin, Andrei
> <andrei.warkentin@intel.com>
> Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
> 
> On Tue, 30 May 2023 at 09:15, Ni, Ray <ray.ni@intel.com> wrote:
> >
> > 1.
> > The PPI interface supports to set and clear any attributes with single
> invocation.
> > That's much better than the existing UEFI protocol prototype which requires
> caller to call the interfaces
> > twice to set and clear some attributes.
> >
> 
> Agree, I think that was a mistake to define the UEFI memory attributes
> protocol like that, as it requires two traversals of the page tables
> for the most common case of converting RO -> XP or vice versa.
> 
> > So far I see two patterns for attributes setting:
> > *. The patten in this patch: SetMask/ClearMask
> > *. The pattern I used in PageTableLib: Attribute/Mask.
> >
> > I think from caller side, they provide the same capabilities.
> > The difference is SetMask/ClearMask expects callers to not set the same BIT
> in both
> > SetMask/ClearMask.
> >
> > (I thought there would be similar existing interfaces as pattern 2. But I didn't
> find any now.)
> > Do you mind to align to pattern #2?
> >
> 
> That is fine - I actually prefer that (and this is what ArmMmuLib
> implements internally) but I did not want to deviate from the UEFI
> protocol too much.

By adding "ClearMask", you already made something different😊
Good to know you prefer pattern #2.

> 
> >
> > 2.
> > When a memory region is marked from not-present to present, PageTableLib
> expects
> > caller to supply all memory attributes (including RW, NX, etc.) as the lib
> implementation doesn't
> > want to carry any default attributes..
> > Do you think the MemoryAttribute PPI should expect the same to caller?
> >
> 
> I'm not sure I follow.
> 
> The PPI (as well as the UEFI protocol) can only operate on valid
> mapping, and can only be used to manipulate RP/RO/XP. It cannot be
> used to create mappings from scratch.
When a range of memory is marked as "RP", X86 page table clears the 
"Present" bit for that range memory.
"Present" bit is a master bit in X86 page table. When that bit is clear, all
other bits ("Writable", "Non-Execution", etc.) are ignored by CPU.

So, if caller clears the "RP" bit (setting "Present" bit in page table), that's an
operation to map back some memory.
X86 CpuPageTableLib requires all attributes be provided for mapping back
some memory.

> 
> Do you think this capability should be added? If so, I think it is
> reasonable to require the caller to provide all attributes, and on ARM
> this would have to include the memory cacheability type as we should
> not provide a default for that either.

Yes. I think this is required. Having this rule can help caller write robust code
instead of depending on some default attributes in PPI/Protocol implementation.

> 
> Thanks,
> Ard.
> 
> 
> >
> >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
> > > Sent: Thursday, May 25, 2023 10:31 PM
> > > To: devel@edk2.groups.io
> > > Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>; Ni, Ray <ray.ni@intel.com>; Yao,
> Jiewen
> > > <jiewen.yao@intel.com>; Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>; Taylor
> Beebe
> > > <t@taylorbeebe.com>; Oliver Smith-Denny <osd@smith-denny.com>; Bi,
> Dandan
> > > <dandan.bi@intel.com>; Gao, Liming <gaoliming@byosoft.com.cn>;
> Kinney,
> > > Michael D <michael.d.kinney@intel.com>; Leif Lindholm
> > > <quic_llindhol@quicinc.com>; Sunil V L <sunilvl@ventanamicro.com>;
> Warkentin,
> > > Andrei <andrei.warkentin@intel.com>
> > > Subject: [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
> > >
> > > Define a PPI interface that may be used by the PEI core or other PEIMs
> > > to manage permissions on memory ranges. This is primarily intended for
> > > restricting permissions to what is actually needed for correct execution
> > > by the code in question, and for limiting the use of memory mappings
> > > that are both writable and executable at the same time.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
> > > ---
> > >  MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h | 78
> ++++++++++++++++++++
> > >  MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec              |  3 +
> > >  2 files changed, 81 insertions(+)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> > > b/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 0000000000000000..5ff31185ab4183f8
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/MdeModulePkg/Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,78 @@
> > > +/** @file
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +Copyright (c) 2023, Google LLC. All rights reserved.<BR>
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-2-Clause-Patent
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +**/
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +#ifndef EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_H_
> > >
> > > +#define EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_H_
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +#include <Uefi/UefiSpec.h>
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +///
> > >
> > > +/// Global ID for the EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI.
> > >
> > > +///
> > >
> > > +#define EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI_GUID \
> > >
> > > +  { \
> > >
> > > +    0x1be840de, 0x2d92, 0x41ec, { 0xb6, 0xd3, 0x19, 0x64, 0x13, 0x50,
> 0x51,
> > > 0xfb } \
> > >
> > > +  }
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +///
> > >
> > > +/// Forward declaration for the EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI.
> > >
> > > +///
> > >
> > > +typedef struct _EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI
> > > EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI;
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +/**
> > >
> > > +  Set the requested memory permission attributes on a region of memory.
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +  BaseAddress and Length must be aligned to EFI_PAGE_SIZE.
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +  Both SetMask and ClearMask may contain any combination of
> > > EFI_MEMORY_RP,
> > >
> > > +  EFI_MEMORY_RO and EFI_MEMORY_XP, with the following restrictions:
> > >
> > > +  - each constant may appear in either SetMask or ClearMask, but not in
> both;
> > >
> > > +  - SetMask or ClearMask may be 0x0, but not both.
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +  @param[in]  This            The protocol instance pointer.
> > >
> > > +  @param[in]  BaseAddress     The physical address that is the start
> address of
> > >
> > > +                              a memory region.
> > >
> > > +  @param[in]  Length          The size in bytes of the memory region.
> > >
> > > +  @param[in]  SetMask         Mask of memory attributes to set.
> > >
> > > +  @param[in]  ClearMask       Mask of memory attributes to clear.
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +  @retval EFI_SUCCESS           The attributes were set for the memory
> region.
> > >
> > > +  @retval EFI_INVALID_PARAMETER Length is zero.
> > >
> > > +                                Invalid combination of SetMask and ClearMask.
> > >
> > > +                                BaseAddress or Length is not suitably aligned.
> > >
> > > +  @retval EFI_UNSUPPORTED       The processor does not support one or
> more
> > >
> > > +                                bytes of the memory resource range specified
> > >
> > > +                                by BaseAddress and Length.
> > >
> > > +                                The bit mask of attributes is not supported for
> > >
> > > +                                the memory resource range specified by
> > >
> > > +                                BaseAddress and Length.
> > >
> > > +  @retval EFI_OUT_OF_RESOURCES  Requested attributes cannot be
> applied
> > > due to
> > >
> > > +                                lack of system resources.
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +**/
> > >
> > > +typedef
> > >
> > > +EFI_STATUS
> > >
> > > +(EFIAPI *EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_SET_PERMISSIONS)(
> > >
> > > +  IN  EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI  *This,
> > >
> > > +  IN  EFI_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS        BaseAddress,
> > >
> > > +  IN  UINT64                      Length,
> > >
> > > +  IN  UINT64                      SetMask,
> > >
> > > +  IN  UINT64                      ClearMask
> > >
> > > +  );
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +///
> > >
> > > +/// This PPI contains a set of services to manage memory permission
> attributes.
> > >
> > > +///
> > >
> > > +struct _EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_PPI {
> > >
> > > +  EDKII_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTE_SET_PERMISSIONS    SetPermissions;
> > >
> > > +};
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +extern EFI_GUID  gEdkiiMemoryAttributePpiGuid;
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > +#endif
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > > diff --git a/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> > > b/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> > > index 95dd077e19b3a901..d65dae18aa81e569 100644
> > > --- a/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> > > +++ b/MdeModulePkg/MdeModulePkg.dec
> > > @@ -528,6 +528,9 @@ [Ppis]
> > >    gEdkiiPeiCapsuleOnDiskPpiGuid             = { 0x71a9ea61, 0x5a35, 0x4a5d,
> { 0xac,
> > > 0xef, 0x9c, 0xf8, 0x6d, 0x6d, 0x67, 0xe0 } }
> > >
> > >    gEdkiiPeiBootInCapsuleOnDiskModePpiGuid   = { 0xb08a11e4, 0xe2b7,
> 0x4b75,
> > > { 0xb5, 0x15, 0xaf, 0x61, 0x6, 0x68, 0xbf, 0xd1  } }
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > > +  ## Include/Ppi/MemoryAttribute.h
> > >
> > > +  gEdkiiMemoryAttributePpiGuid              = { 0x1be840de, 0x2d92, 0x41ec,
> { 0xb6,
> > > 0xd3, 0x19, 0x64, 0x13, 0x50, 0x51, 0xfb } }
> > >
> > > +
> > >
> > >  [Protocols]
> > >
> > >    ## Load File protocol provides capability to load and unload EFI image into
> > > memory and execute it.
> > >
> > >    #  Include/Protocol/LoadPe32Image.h
> > >
> > > --
> > > 2.39.2
> >


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Re: [edk2-devel] [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
Posted by Ard Biesheuvel 1 year ago
On Wed, 31 May 2023 at 09:34, Ni, Ray <ray.ni@intel.com> wrote:
>
>
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
> > Sent: Tuesday, May 30, 2023 3:32 PM
> > To: Ni, Ray <ray.ni@intel.com>
> > Cc: devel@edk2.groups.io; Yao, Jiewen <jiewen.yao@intel.com>; Gerd
> > Hoffmann <kraxel@redhat.com>; Taylor Beebe <t@taylorbeebe.com>; Oliver
> > Smith-Denny <osd@smith-denny.com>; Bi, Dandan <dandan.bi@intel.com>;
> > Gao, Liming <gaoliming@byosoft.com.cn>; Kinney, Michael D
> > <michael.d.kinney@intel.com>; Leif Lindholm <quic_llindhol@quicinc.com>;
> > Sunil V L <sunilvl@ventanamicro.com>; Warkentin, Andrei
> > <andrei.warkentin@intel.com>
> > Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
> >
> > On Tue, 30 May 2023 at 09:15, Ni, Ray <ray.ni@intel.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > 1.
> > > The PPI interface supports to set and clear any attributes with single
> > invocation.
> > > That's much better than the existing UEFI protocol prototype which requires
> > caller to call the interfaces
> > > twice to set and clear some attributes.
> > >
> >
> > Agree, I think that was a mistake to define the UEFI memory attributes
> > protocol like that, as it requires two traversals of the page tables
> > for the most common case of converting RO -> XP or vice versa.
> >
> > > So far I see two patterns for attributes setting:
> > > *. The patten in this patch: SetMask/ClearMask
> > > *. The pattern I used in PageTableLib: Attribute/Mask.
> > >
> > > I think from caller side, they provide the same capabilities.
> > > The difference is SetMask/ClearMask expects callers to not set the same BIT
> > in both
> > > SetMask/ClearMask.
> > >
> > > (I thought there would be similar existing interfaces as pattern 2. But I didn't
> > find any now.)
> > > Do you mind to align to pattern #2?
> > >
> >
> > That is fine - I actually prefer that (and this is what ArmMmuLib
> > implements internally) but I did not want to deviate from the UEFI
> > protocol too much.
>
> By adding "ClearMask", you already made something different😊
> Good to know you prefer pattern #2.
>

Yeah :-)


> >
> > >
> > > 2.
> > > When a memory region is marked from not-present to present, PageTableLib
> > expects
> > > caller to supply all memory attributes (including RW, NX, etc.) as the lib
> > implementation doesn't
> > > want to carry any default attributes..
> > > Do you think the MemoryAttribute PPI should expect the same to caller?
> > >
> >
> > I'm not sure I follow.
> >
> > The PPI (as well as the UEFI protocol) can only operate on valid
> > mapping, and can only be used to manipulate RP/RO/XP. It cannot be
> > used to create mappings from scratch.
> When a range of memory is marked as "RP", X86 page table clears the
> "Present" bit for that range memory.
> "Present" bit is a master bit in X86 page table. When that bit is clear, all
> other bits ("Writable", "Non-Execution", etc.) are ignored by CPU.
>
> So, if caller clears the "RP" bit (setting "Present" bit in page table), that's an
> operation to map back some memory.
> X86 CpuPageTableLib requires all attributes be provided for mapping back
> some memory.
>
> >
> > Do you think this capability should be added? If so, I think it is
> > reasonable to require the caller to provide all attributes, and on ARM
> > this would have to include the memory cacheability type as we should
> > not provide a default for that either.
>
> Yes. I think this is required. Having this rule can help caller write robust code
> instead of depending on some default attributes in PPI/Protocol implementation.
>

I still don't follow. How does that work in the context of the
attribute mask? Can you given some examples?

Creating new memory mappings from scratch is a totally different use
case, so perhaps this should be a separate PPI method.


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Re: [edk2-devel] [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
Posted by Ni, Ray 1 year ago
> > > > 2.
> > > > When a memory region is marked from not-present to present,
> PageTableLib
> > > expects
> > > > caller to supply all memory attributes (including RW, NX, etc.) as the lib
> > > implementation doesn't
> > > > want to carry any default attributes..
> > > > Do you think the MemoryAttribute PPI should expect the same to caller?
> > > >
> > >
> > > I'm not sure I follow.
> > >
> > > The PPI (as well as the UEFI protocol) can only operate on valid
> > > mapping, and can only be used to manipulate RP/RO/XP. It cannot be
> > > used to create mappings from scratch.
> > When a range of memory is marked as "RP", X86 page table clears the
> > "Present" bit for that range memory.
> > "Present" bit is a master bit in X86 page table. When that bit is clear, all
> > other bits ("Writable", "Non-Execution", etc.) are ignored by CPU.
> >
> > So, if caller clears the "RP" bit (setting "Present" bit in page table), that's an
> > operation to map back some memory.
> > X86 CpuPageTableLib requires all attributes be provided for mapping back
> > some memory.
> >
> > >
> > > Do you think this capability should be added? If so, I think it is
> > > reasonable to require the caller to provide all attributes, and on ARM
> > > this would have to include the memory cacheability type as we should
> > > not provide a default for that either.
> >
> > Yes. I think this is required. Having this rule can help caller write robust code
> > instead of depending on some default attributes in PPI/Protocol
> implementation.
> >
> 
> I still don't follow. How does that work in the context of the
> attribute mask? Can you given some examples?

OK. Let's reset the discussion.
For example, one caller's code as below:
  // mark 0-4k as not-present
  MemoryAttrributePpi->SetMemoryAttribute (0, 4K, RP, RP); // Use Attribute/Mask pattern to set RP

Another caller's code:
// mark 0-4k as present
* MemoryAttributePpi->SetMemoryAttribute (0, 4K, 0, RP); // Use Attribute/Mask pattern to clear RP

Q1: Does the PPI support this usage?
Q2: If it supports, what're the other attributes of 0-4k memory? Is XP set? Is RO set?




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Re: [edk2-devel] [RFC PATCH 05/10] MdeModulePkg: Define memory attribute PPI
Posted by Ard Biesheuvel 1 year ago
On Wed, 31 May 2023 at 10:56, Ni, Ray <ray.ni@intel.com> wrote:
>
> > > > > 2.
> > > > > When a memory region is marked from not-present to present,
> > PageTableLib
> > > > expects
> > > > > caller to supply all memory attributes (including RW, NX, etc.) as the lib
> > > > implementation doesn't
> > > > > want to carry any default attributes..
> > > > > Do you think the MemoryAttribute PPI should expect the same to caller?
> > > > >
> > > >
> > > > I'm not sure I follow.
> > > >
> > > > The PPI (as well as the UEFI protocol) can only operate on valid
> > > > mapping, and can only be used to manipulate RP/RO/XP. It cannot be
> > > > used to create mappings from scratch.
> > > When a range of memory is marked as "RP", X86 page table clears the
> > > "Present" bit for that range memory.
> > > "Present" bit is a master bit in X86 page table. When that bit is clear, all
> > > other bits ("Writable", "Non-Execution", etc.) are ignored by CPU.
> > >
> > > So, if caller clears the "RP" bit (setting "Present" bit in page table), that's an
> > > operation to map back some memory.
> > > X86 CpuPageTableLib requires all attributes be provided for mapping back
> > > some memory.
> > >
> > > >
> > > > Do you think this capability should be added? If so, I think it is
> > > > reasonable to require the caller to provide all attributes, and on ARM
> > > > this would have to include the memory cacheability type as we should
> > > > not provide a default for that either.
> > >
> > > Yes. I think this is required. Having this rule can help caller write robust code
> > > instead of depending on some default attributes in PPI/Protocol
> > implementation.
> > >
> >
> > I still don't follow. How does that work in the context of the
> > attribute mask? Can you given some examples?
>
> OK. Let's reset the discussion.
> For example, one caller's code as below:
>   // mark 0-4k as not-present
>   MemoryAttrributePpi->SetMemoryAttribute (0, 4K, RP, RP); // Use Attribute/Mask pattern to set RP
>
> Another caller's code:
> // mark 0-4k as present
> * MemoryAttributePpi->SetMemoryAttribute (0, 4K, 0, RP); // Use Attribute/Mask pattern to clear RP
>

OK, I see what you mean now.

> Q1: Does the PPI support this usage?

My current implementation for ARM does not support this, because the
RP flag is not tied to the present bit but to the access flag. This
means that setting and clearing RP will not create a valid region.

> Q2: If it supports, what're the other attributes of 0-4k memory? Is XP set? Is RO set?
>

I am leaning towards not supporting this, at least initially, as
updating permissions and creating mappings are two different things,
and I am not convinced a generic PPI for creating mappings from
scratch is needed at this point.

This is a major difference between ARM and x86, as on x86, it is quite
common to create mappings for regions that may have no memory at all.
On ARM, this is not permited, and so we carefully create mappings only
where we detect DRAM.

However, I understand that it is not trivial to implement this
restriction on x86, unless we remove RP from the set of attributes
that this API can manipulate.


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